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Epidemiology and molecular characterization of the re-emerging measles virus among children and adults in the Haut-Ogooue, Gabon

Abstract : Background: Measles is one of the most infectious diseases with a high mortality rate worldwide. It is caused by the measles virus (MeV) which is a single stranded RNA virus with genetic diversity based on the nucleoprotein gene, including 24 genotypes. In Gabon, several outbreaks occurred in the past few years, especially in 2016 in Libreville and Oyem. A surveillance network of infectious diseases highlighted a measles outbreak which occurred in the south of Gabon from April to June 2017. Methods: Clinical specimens of urine, blood, throat and nasal swabs were collected in the two main cities of the Haut-Ogooue province, Franceville and Moanda. Virological investigations based on real-time polymerase chain reaction for molecular diagnosis and conventional PCR for genotype identification were done. Results: Specimens were collected from 139 suspected measles patients. A total of 46 (33.1%) children and adults were laboratory-confirmed cases among which 16 (34.8%) were unvaccinated, 16 (34.8%) had received one dose, and 11 (23.9%) had received two doses of the measles vaccine. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that all the sequences of the nucleoprotein gene belonged to genotype B3. Conclusions: Measles infection was more commonly confirmed among those with one recorded dose compared to suspect cases with none, unknown or two recorded doses. The molecular characterization of the strains showed the circulation of the B3 genotype which is endemic on the African continent, thirty years after the B2 genotype was described in an outbreak in Libreville, the capital of Gabon. These findings highlight that surveillance and molecular investigation of measles should be continued in Gabon.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 7, 2022 - 4:32:47 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 3:04:50 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Sonia Etenna Lekana-Douki, Pater Noster Sir-Ondo-Enguier, Octavie Banga-Mve-Ella, Romeo Karl Imboumy-Limoukou, Gael Maganga, et al.. Epidemiology and molecular characterization of the re-emerging measles virus among children and adults in the Haut-Ogooue, Gabon. BMC Infectious Diseases, BioMed Central, 2019, 19 (1), pp.90. ⟨10.1186/s12879-019-3731-y⟩. ⟨pasteur-03516010⟩

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