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CXCR3 and CXCR5 are highly expressed in HIV‐1‐specific CD8 central memory T cells from infected patients

Abstract : New ways of characterizing CD8+ memory T cell responses in chronic infections are based on the measurement of chemokine receptor expression (CXCR3, CXCR5, and CX3CR1). We applied these novel phenotyping strategies to chronic HIV infection by comparing healthy donors (HDs), HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART), and spontaneous HIV controllers (HICs). In all groups, the memory cells exhibited high proportion of CXCR3+ cells. Proportions of CXCR5+ and CX3CR1+ cells were preferentially observed among central memory cells (Tcm) and effector memory cells (Tem) respectively. Chronic controlled HIV infection impacted the chemokine receptor profile of both HIV-specific and nonspecific CD8+ T cells. In total CD8+ T cells, the proportions of CXCR3- CXCR5- CX3CR1- Tcm and Tem were lower in HIV-infected patients than in HDs with subtle differences between ART and HICs. Such phenotyping strategy also revealed differences in exhaustion and senescence phenotypes, the CXCR3+ CXCR5+ CX3CR1- being more exhausted and senescent than the CXCR3+ CXCR5- CX3CR1- Tcm fraction. Among HIV-specific CD8+ T cells, the vast majority of Tcm cells were CXCR3+ and CXCR5+ cells in contrast with their nonspecific counterparts. In conclusion, the addition of migration markers contributes to better characterize Tcm/Tem compartment.
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Contributor : Jean-Marc Doisne Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 14, 2021 - 6:52:43 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 20, 2022 - 3:10:07 PM



Anaëlle Olivo, Camille Lécuroux, Marie Bitu, Véronique Avettand-Fenoel, Faroudy Boufassa, et al.. CXCR3 and CXCR5 are highly expressed in HIV‐1‐specific CD8 central memory T cells from infected patients. European Journal of Immunology, 2021, ⟨10.1002/eji.202048943⟩. ⟨pasteur-03260340⟩



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