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A Loss-of-Function Mutation in the Integrin Alpha L ( Itgal ) Gene Contributes to Susceptibility to Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Infection in Collaborative Cross Strain CC042

Abstract : Salmonella is an intracellular bacterium found in the gastrointestinal tract of mammalian, avian, and reptilian hosts. Mouse models have been extensively used to model in vivo distinct aspects of human Salmonella infections and have led to the identification of several host susceptibility genes. We have investigated the susceptibility of Collaborative Cross strains to intravenous infection with Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium as a model of human systemic invasive infection. In this model, strain CC042/GeniUnc (CC042) mice displayed extreme susceptibility with very high bacterial loads and mortality. CC042 mice showed lower spleen weights and decreased splenocyte numbers before and after infection, affecting mostly CD8+ T cells, B cells, and all myeloid cell populations, compared with control C57BL/6J mice. CC042 mice also had lower thymus weights with a reduced total number of thymocytes and double-negative and double-positive (CD4+, CD8+) thymocytes compared to C57BL/6J mice. Analysis of bone marrow-resident hematopoietic progenitors showed a strong bias against lymphoid-primed multipotent progenitors. An F2 cross between CC042 and C57BL/6N mice identified two loci on chromosome 7 (Stsl6 and Stsl7) associated with differences in bacterial loads. In the Stsl7 region, CC042 carried a loss-of-function variant, unique to this strain, in the integrin alpha L (Itgal) gene, the causative role of which was confirmed by a quantitative complementation test. Notably, Itgal loss of function increased the susceptibility to S. Typhimurium in a (C57BL/6J × CC042)F1 mouse background but not in a C57BL/6J mouse inbred background. These results further emphasize the utility of the Collaborative Cross to identify new host genetic variants controlling susceptibility to infections and improve our understanding of the function of the Itgal gene.
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Jing Zhang, Megan Teh, Jamie Kim, Megan Eva, Romain Cayrol, et al.. A Loss-of-Function Mutation in the Integrin Alpha L ( Itgal ) Gene Contributes to Susceptibility to Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium Infection in Collaborative Cross Strain CC042. Infection and Immunity, American Society for Microbiology, 2019, 88 (1), pp.e00656-19. ⟨10.1128/IAI.00656-19⟩. ⟨pasteur-02555695⟩

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