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Errance médicale des patients atteints d’hidradénite suppurée : un problème majeur et persistant. Étude « R-ENS Verneuil »

Abstract : Objective To provide physicians with an understanding of the factors behind significant delays in the diagnosis of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) in France. Patients and methods This prospective multicentre national study conducted from October 2015 to March 2016 included all patients consulting for HS. Patient data were collected by means of a standardized questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to collect factors associated with a significant time to diagnosis of at least 5.5 years, defined as the period between the onset of initial clinical signs and the time of formal diagnosis. Results The 16 participating centres enrolled 312 patients (62% women), of average age 35 years. The average age at onset of HS was 22 years. Before formal diagnosis by a dermatologist (64% of cases), 170 (54%), 114 (37%) and 45 (15%) patients had previously consulted at least 3, 5 and 10 general physicians, respectively. The average time between the initial clinical signs of HS, the first dermatology visit and the definitive diagnosis was 6.2 and 8.4 years, respectively. Active smoking (OR adjusted 1.85; P = 0.027) and disease onset at a younger age (adjusted OR 0.92; P < 0.001) were both associated with significant delays in diagnosis. Conclusion These results emphasized misdiagnosis among HS patients but did not evidence any association between either sociodemographic or economic characteristics and the existence of significant times to diagnosis.
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J. Loget, C. Saint-Martin, P. Guillem, L. Kanagaratnam, P.-A. Becherel, et al.. Errance médicale des patients atteints d’hidradénite suppurée : un problème majeur et persistant. Étude « R-ENS Verneuil ». Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie, Elsevier Masson, 2018, 145 (5), pp.331-338. ⟨10.1016/j.annder.2018.01.043⟩. ⟨pasteur-02547197⟩



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