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Mycobacterium tuberculosis Controls Phagosomal Acidification by Targeting CISH-Mediated Signaling

Abstract : Pathogens have evolved a range of mechanisms to counteract host defenses, notably to survive harsh acidic conditions in phagosomes. In the case of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, it has been shown that regulation of phagosome acidification could be achieved by interfering with the retention of the V-ATPase complexes at the vacuole. Here, we present evidence that M. tuberculosis resorts to yet another strategy to control phagosomal acidification, interfering with host suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) protein functions. More precisely, we show that infection of macrophages with M. tuberculosis leads to granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) secretion, inducing STAT5-mediated expression of cytokine-inducible SH2-containing protein (CISH), which selectively targets the V-ATPase catalytic subunit A for ubiquitination and degradation by the proteasome. Consistently, we show that inhibition of CISH expression leads to reduced replication of M. tuberculosis in macrophages. Our findings further broaden the molecular understanding of mechanisms deployed by bacteria to survive.
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Christophe Queval, Ok-Ryul Song, Jean-Philippe Carralot, Jean-Michel Saliou, Antonino Bongiovanni, et al.. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Controls Phagosomal Acidification by Targeting CISH-Mediated Signaling. Cell Reports, Elsevier Inc, 2017, 20 (13), pp.3188-3198. ⟨10.1016/j.celrep.2017.08.101⟩. ⟨pasteur-02046436⟩

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