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Consensus statement: Virus taxonomy in the age of metagenomics

Peter Simmonds 1 Mike J. Adams 2 Mária Benkő 3 Balázs Harrach 3 Mya Breitbart 4 J Rodney Brister 5 Eugene V. Koonin 5 Eric B. Carstens 6 Andrew J. Davison 7 Richard Orton 7 Eric Delwart 8 Alexander E. Gorbalenya 9, 10 Roger Hull 11 Andrew M. Q. King 12 Mart Krupovic 13 Jens H. Kuhn 14 Elliot J. Lefkowitz 15 Max L. Nibert 16 Marilyn J. Roossinck 17 Sead Sabanadzovic 18 Matthew B. Sullivan 19 Curtis A. Suttle 20, 21 Robert B. Tesh 22 René A. Vlugt 23 Arvind Varsani 24 F. Murilo Zerbini 25
Abstract : The number and diversity of viral sequences that are identified in metagenomic data far exceeds that of experimentally characterized virus isolates. In a recent workshop, a panel of experts discussed the proposal that, with appropriate quality control, viruses that are known only from metagenomic data can, and should be, incorporated into the official classification scheme of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Although a taxonomy that is based on metagenomic sequence data alone represents a substantial departure from the traditional reliance on phenotypic properties, the development of a robust framework for sequence-based virus taxonomy is indispensable for the comprehensive characterization of the global virome. In this Consensus Statement article, we consider the rationale for why metagenomic sequence data should, and how it can, be incorporated into the ICTV taxonomy, and present proposals that have been endorsed by the Executive Committee of the ICTV.
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Peter Simmonds, Mike J. Adams, Mária Benkő, Balázs Harrach, Mya Breitbart, et al.. Consensus statement: Virus taxonomy in the age of metagenomics. Nature Reviews Microbiology, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 15 (3), pp.161-168. ⟨10.1038/nrmicro.2016.177⟩. ⟨pasteur-01977366⟩

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