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The effects of HIV-1 Nef on CD4 surface expression and viral infectivity in lymphoid cells are independent of rafts.

Abstract : The HIV-1 Nef protein is a critical virulence factor that exerts multiple effects during viral replication. Nef modulates surface expression of various cellular proteins including CD4 and MHC-I, enhances viral infectivity, and affects signal transduction pathways. Nef has been shown to partially associate with rafts, where it can prime T cells for activation. The contribution of rafts during Nef-induced CD4 down-regulation and enhancement of viral replication remains poorly understood. We show here that Nef does not modify the palmitoylation state of CD4 or its partition within rafts. Moreover, CD4 mutants lacking palmitoylation or unable to associate with rafts are efficiently down-regulated by Nef. In HIV-infected cells, viral assembly and budding occurs from rafts, and Nef has been suggested to increase this process. However, using T cells acutely infected with wild-type or nef-deleted HIV, we did not observe any impact of Nef on raft segregation of viral structural proteins. We have also designed a palmitoylated mutant of Nef (NefG3C), which significantly accumulates in rafts. Interestingly, the efficiency of NefG3C to down-regulate CD4 and MHC-I, and to promote viral replication was not increased when compared with the wild-type protein. Altogether, these results strongly suggest that rafts are not a key element involved in the effects of Nef on trafficking of cellular proteins and on viral replication.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01372660
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 27, 2016 - 2:59:45 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 5:08:14 PM

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Nathalie Sol-Foulon, Cécile Esnault, Yann Percherancier, Françoise Porrot, Patricia Metais-Cunha, et al.. The effects of HIV-1 Nef on CD4 surface expression and viral infectivity in lymphoid cells are independent of rafts.. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2004, 279 (30), pp.31398-408. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M401621200⟩. ⟨pasteur-01372660⟩

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