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Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 infective dermatitis in central Australia.

Abstract : The Human T-Lymphotropic Virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is a single-stranded RNA retrovirus that preferentially infects CD4+ T cells. The spectrum of diseases that are associated with the most frequent genotype, the HTLV-1 cosmopolitan subtype A, has been well described. In contrast, very few cases of HTLV-1 related diseases have been reported for the HTLV-1 subtype C variant, which is endemic to Australia and the nearby islands of Melanesia. Here we describe the first case of infective dermatitis associated with the HTLV-1 Australo-Melanesian subtype C. This was complicated by repeated episodes of invasive infection with Staphylococcus aureus and illustrates the life-threatening nature of infective dermatitis among HTLV-1 carriers who live in conditions of social disadvantage.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 23, 2016 - 3:12:27 PM
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Lloyd Einsiedel, Olivier Cassar, Lynne Gordon, Antoine Gessain. Human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 infective dermatitis in central Australia.. Journal of Clinical Virology, 2013, 57 (4), pp.370-3. ⟨10.1016/j.jcv.2013.04.022⟩. ⟨pasteur-01370949⟩



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