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Lack of endogenous TRIM5alpha-mediated restriction in rhesus macaque dendritic cells.

Abstract : Rhesus macaques are resistant to infection by HIV-1 as a result of an innate cellular restriction mechanism attributable to the expression of rhTRIM5alpha, a member of the large tripartite motif (TRIM) protein family. TRIM5alpha-mediated restriction, which occurs before reverse transcription through targeting of the HIV-1 capsid, has been identified in a number of macaque primary cells and cell lines and is thought to occur in all macaque cell types. We report, however, that rhesus macaque dendritic cells (DCs) lack TRIM5alpha-mediated restriction and are equally permissive to HIV-1 infection as human DCs. Evidence suggests that, although TRIM5alpha RNA levels are normal in these cells, the protein may be dysfunctional. We propose that abrogation of TRIM5alpha-mediated restriction in DCs, although still operative in cells that replicate HIV-1 (macrophages, T lymphocytes), illustrates the need for innate mechanisms to not inhibit adaptive immune responses to ensure an optimal fight against pathogens.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00457787
Contributor : Mireille Gau <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 18, 2010 - 2:36:48 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 9, 2020 - 11:58:13 AM

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Nathalie J Arhel, Sébastien Nisole, Laetitia Carthagena, Frédéric Coutant, Philippe Souque, et al.. Lack of endogenous TRIM5alpha-mediated restriction in rhesus macaque dendritic cells.. Blood, American Society of Hematology, 2008, 112 (9), pp.3772-6. ⟨10.1182/blood-2008-04-151761⟩. ⟨pasteur-00457787⟩

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