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Live attenuated measles vaccine as a potential multivalent pediatric vaccination vector.

(1) , (2)
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Frédéric Tangy

Abstract

Live attenuated RNA viruses make highly efficient vaccines. Among them is the live attenuated measles virus (MV) vaccine that has been given to a very large number of children and has been shown to be highly efficacious and safe. MV vaccine induces a life-long immunity after a single injection or two low-dose injections. It is easily produced on a large scale in most countries and can be distributed at low cost. Reversion to pathogenicity has never been observed with this vaccine. For all of these characteristics, developing of MV vaccine vector as a multivalent vaccine to immunize children against both measles and other infectious agents such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), flaviviruses, or malaria might be very promising for worldwide use. As MV vaccine is inexpensive to produce, the generation of recombinant vaccines may remain affordable and attractive for the developing word. In this article, we describe the development of MV vector and present some recent data showing the capacity of recombinant MV vaccine to express various proteins from HIV and West Nile virus. In addition, the ability of recombinant MV to induce specific immune responses against these different pathogens are presented and discussed.
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Dates and versions

pasteur-00013667 , version 1 (09-11-2005)

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Frédéric Tangy, Hussein Y. Naim. Live attenuated measles vaccine as a potential multivalent pediatric vaccination vector.. Viral Immunology, 2005, 18 (2), pp.317-26. ⟨10.1089/vim.2005.18.317⟩. ⟨pasteur-00013667⟩

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