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Journal Articles Angewandte Chemie International Edition Year : 2023

The rigid core and flexible surface of amyloid fibrils probed by Magic‐Angle Spinning NMR of aromatic residues

Abstract

Dedicated to Robert Konrat, on the occasion of his 60th birthday. Aromatic side chains are important reporters of the plasticity of proteins, and often form important contacts in protein-protein interactions. We studied aromatic residues in the two structurally homologous cross-β amyloid fibrils HET-s, and HELLF by employing a specific isotope-labeling approach and magic-angle-spinning NMR. The dynamic behavior of the aromatic residues Phe and Tyr indicates that the hydrophobic amyloid core is rigid, without any sign of "breathing motions" over hundreds of milliseconds at least. Aromatic residues exposed at the fibril surface have a rigid ring axis but undergo ring flips on a variety of time scales from nanoseconds to microseconds. Our approach provides direct insight into hydrophobic-core motions, enabling a better evaluation of the conformational heterogeneity generated from an NMR structural ensemble of such amyloid cross-β architecture.
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pasteur-04034318 , version 1 (17-03-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - CC BY 4.0

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Lea Marie Becker, Mélanie Berbon, Alicia Vallet, Axelle Grelard, Estelle Morvan, et al.. The rigid core and flexible surface of amyloid fibrils probed by Magic‐Angle Spinning NMR of aromatic residues. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, In press, ⟨10.1002/anie.202219314⟩. ⟨pasteur-04034318⟩
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