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Dual-fluorescent bacterial two-hybrid system for quantitative Protein–Protein interaction measurement via flow cytometry

Abstract : Characterization of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) is essential for understanding cellular signal transduction pathways. However, quantitative measurement of the binding strength remains challenging. Building upon the classical bacterial adenylate cyclase two-hybrid (BACTH) system, we previously demonstrated that the relative reporter protein expression (RRPE), defined as the level of reporter expression normalized to that of the interacting protein, is an intrinsic characteristic associated with the binding strength between the two interacting proteins. In this study, we inserted fluorescent protein tdTomato in the chromosome as the reporter protein by CRISPR/Cas9 technology and employed a 12-amino acid tetracysteine (TC) to tag one of the interacting proteins, which can be further labeled by a membrane-permeable biarsenical dye. The combined use of tdTomato and TCtag offers rapid and high-throughput analysis of the expression levels of both the reporter protein and one of the interacting proteins at the single-cell level by multicolor flow cytometry, which simplifies the quantitative measurement of PPI. The use of the as-developed RRPE-tdTomato-TC-BACTH approach was demonstrated in three demanding applications. First, binding affinities could be correctly ranked for discriminating interaction strengths with a tenfold difference or of the same order of magnitude. We demonstrate that the method is sensitive enough to discriminate affinities with a small difference of 1.4-fold. Moreover, residues involved in PPI can be easily mapped and ranked. Lastly, protein interaction inhibitors can be rapidly screened.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-03798518
Contributor : Emmanuelle Bouveret Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 5, 2022 - 11:55:16 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 11, 2022 - 3:11:51 AM

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Lina Wu, Liuqin Su, Minfang Deng, Xinyi Hong, Mingkai Wu, et al.. Dual-fluorescent bacterial two-hybrid system for quantitative Protein–Protein interaction measurement via flow cytometry. Talanta, 2021, 233, ⟨10.1016/j.talanta.2021.122549⟩. ⟨pasteur-03798518⟩

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