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Microseek: A Protein-Based Metagenomic Pipeline for Virus Diagnostic and Discovery

Abstract : We present Microseek, a pipeline for virus identification and discovery based on RVDB-prot, a comprehensive, curated and regularly updated database of viral proteins. Microseek analyzes metagenomic Next Generation Sequencing (mNGS) raw data by performing quality steps, de novo assembly, and by scoring the Lowest Common Ancestor (LCA) from translated reads and contigs. Microseek runs on a local computer. The outcome of the pipeline is displayed through a user-friendly and dynamic graphical interface. Based on two representative mNGS datasets de-rived from human tissue and plasma specimens, we illustrate how Microseek works, and we report its performances. In silico spikes of known viral sequences, but also spikes of fake Neo-pneumovirus viral sequences generated with variable evolutionary distances from known mem-bers of the Pneumoviridae family, were used. Results were compared to Chan Zuckerberg ID (CZ ID), a reference cloud-based mNGS pipeline. We show that Microseek reliably identifies known viral sequences and performs well for the detection of distant pseudoviral sequences, especially in complex samples such as in human plasma, while minimizing non-relevant hits.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-03773653
Contributor : Philippe Pérot Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, September 9, 2022 - 1:34:25 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 14, 2022 - 3:55:56 AM

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viruses-14-01990-v2.pdf
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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Philippe Pérot, Thomas Bigot, Sarah Temmam, Béatrice Regnault, Marc Eloit. Microseek: A Protein-Based Metagenomic Pipeline for Virus Diagnostic and Discovery. Viruses, MDPI, 2022, 14 (9), pp.1990. ⟨10.3390/v14091990⟩. ⟨pasteur-03773653⟩

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