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Blocking neddylation elicits antiviral effect against hepatitis B virus replication

Abstract : Background Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. The mechanisms that regulate HBV viral replication remain poorly defined. Here, we show that blocking of the neddylation elicits antiviral effect against HBV replication, indicating that NEDD8 supports viral production. Methods and results To explore role of neddylation, HBV-replicating HepG2.2.15.7 cells and HBV-infected HepG2-hNTCP-30 cells were treated with siNEDD8 and MLN4924, a potent and selective NEDD8-activating enzyme inhibitor. Cell viability, intracellular and extracellular HBV DNA, covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA), HBsAg, HBeAg, and HBcrAg were measured to assess the consequences of the various treatments on viral replication. Our data showed that HBV infection increased NEDD8 expression in human liver cell lines. Symmetrically, NEDD8 knockdown by siRNA or MLN4924 treatments decreased HBV replication in HepG2.2.15.7 and HepG2-hNTCP-30 cells. Notably, HBsAg, and HBeAg secretions were strongly suppressed in the culture supernatants, but not the HBcrAg. These results indicate that the suppression of NEDD8 decreases HBV replication. However, cccDNA steady level confirms once again its persistence and longevity in chronic infection. Conclusion The manipulation of the neddylation pathway can thus provide new tools interfering with HBV persistence as well as novel therapeutic strategies against chronic hepatitis B.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-03707123
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 28, 2022 - 12:01:26 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 28, 2022 - 1:52:28 PM

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Karima Abounouh, Mohammad Enamul Hoque Kayesh, Haya Altawalah, Bouchra Kitab, Shuko Murakami, et al.. Blocking neddylation elicits antiviral effect against hepatitis B virus replication. Molecular Biology Reports, Springer Verlag, 2022, 49 (1), pp.403-412. ⟨10.1007/s11033-021-06886-w⟩. ⟨pasteur-03707123⟩

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