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Detection of Phenuiviridae, Chuviridae Members, and a Novel Quaranjavirus in Hard Ticks From Danube Delta

Abstract : Ticks are involved in the transmission of various pathogens and several tick-borne diseases cause significant problems for the health of humans and livestock. The members of the Quaranjavirus genus are mainly associated with argas ticks but recent studies demonstrated the presence of novel quaranjaviruses-like in ixodid ticks. In 2020, 169 Rhipicephalus sanguineus ticks were collected in Southern Romania from small ruminants and analyzed by high-throughput transcriptome sequencing. Among the viral families that infect Romanian ticks, we have identified sequences from Phenuiviridae (Brown dog tick phlebovirus 1 [BDTPV1] and Brown dog tick phlebovirus 2 [BDTPV2]) and Chuviridae families (Cataloi mivirus [CTMV]), and numerous sequences from a new quaranjavirus-like, tentatively named Cataloi tick quaranjavirus (CTQV). Phylogenetic analyses performed on the five segments show that CTQV is phylogenetically positioned within a clade that encompasses Ixodidae -borne viruses associated with iguanas, small ruminants, seabirds, and penguins distributed across different geographical areas. Furthermore, CTQV is positioned differently depending on the segment considered. This is the first report on the detection of a quaranjavirus-like in Eastern Europe. Further investigations are needed to discern its infectivity and pathogenicity against vertebrates.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 6, 2022 - 4:22:07 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 3:44:51 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, August 7, 2022 - 7:20:39 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Bianca Elena Bratuleanu, Sarah Temmam, Sandie Munier, Delphine Chrétien, Thomas Bigot, et al.. Detection of Phenuiviridae, Chuviridae Members, and a Novel Quaranjavirus in Hard Ticks From Danube Delta. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, Frontiers Media, 2022, 9, pp.863814. ⟨10.3389/fvets.2022.863814⟩. ⟨pasteur-03661214⟩

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