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Assessing Entomological and Epidemiological Efficacy of Pyriproxyfen-Treated Ovitraps in the Reduction of Aedes Species: A Quasi-Experiment on Dengue Infection Using Saliva Samples

Abstract : Our study assessed the impact of using ovitraps with pyriproxyfen on mosquito populations and the feasibility of using human saliva samples to test for seroconversion to dengue virus (DENV). We used a quasi-experimental research design by forming the intervention (n = 220) and the control (n = 223) groups in neighboring Taguig City, Philippines, over 4 months. Socio-demographic data, entomological indices, and IgG antibodies against DENV were measured. Associations between the implementation of ovitraps dosed with pyriproxyfen and mosquito densities (percentage positive ovitraps and container indices) and DENV seroconversion were calculated post-intervention in Months 2, 3, and 4. Among the participants recruited at baseline, 17 and 13 were seropositive for dengue (DENV) in the intervention and control groups, respectively. Both entomological indices were lower in the treated area than the control site at post-intervention Months 2, 3, and 4, but not earlier. Dengue seroconversions rates decreased in the treated population, but not significantly so. In conclusion, the use of PPF-treated ovitraps may have impacted the mosquito population, but not seroconversion rates. Compliance in providing saliva samples and the ability to detect IgG antibodies within these samples was encouraging and suggests that further studies on larger populations for longer durations are warranted.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-03660880
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Submitted on : Friday, May 6, 2022 - 1:06:05 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 7, 2022 - 3:35:07 AM

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ijerph-19-03026.pdf
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Antonio Ligsay, Kristan Jela M. Tambio, Michelle Joyce M. Aytona, Grecebio Jonathan D. Alejandro, Zypher Jude G. Regencia, et al.. Assessing Entomological and Epidemiological Efficacy of Pyriproxyfen-Treated Ovitraps in the Reduction of Aedes Species: A Quasi-Experiment on Dengue Infection Using Saliva Samples. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, MDPI, 2022, 19 (5), pp.3026. ⟨10.3390/ijerph19053026⟩. ⟨pasteur-03660880⟩

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