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The tiger mosquito in Lebanon two decades after its introduction: A growing health concern

Abstract : The tiger mosquito was introduced to the Eastern region of the Mediterranean basin more than twenty years ago. In Lebanon, it was first observed in 2002 in a limited number of locations mainly from the coastal area of the country. In the absence of national entomological control program, this invasive mosquito became an established species and is now considered in many localities, a source of nuisance because of its human biting behavior. Several entomological surveys were conducted to monitor the geographic spread and the seasonal dynamics of Aedes albopictus by collecting adult stages and by monitoring oviposition activity. Moreover, its susceptibility to the common groups of insecticides was assessed using WHO standard bioassays. Previous vector competence studies revealed that local strains were able to transmit Chikungunya and Dengue viruses. Due to the increased risk of Zika virus introduction in the country, we determined the competence of local populations to transmit this virus. Mapping results showed that Ae . albopictus is mainly spread in the relatively humid western versant of the Mount Lebanon chain reaching 1000m altitude, while it is absent from arid and semi-arid inland areas. Besides, this mosquito is active during 32 weeks from spring till the end of autumn. Local strains of the tiger mosquito are susceptible to pyrethroids and carbamates but resistant to organophosphates and organochlorines. They showed ability to transmit Zika virus; however, only 9% of females were capable to excrete the virus in their saliva at day 28 post infection. Current and previous observations highlight the need to establish a surveillance system in order to control this mosquito and monitor the potential introduction of related diseases.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 17, 2022 - 3:50:07 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 8:30:25 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, May 18, 2022 - 7:11:25 PM

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Nabil Haddad, Hayssam Omran, Fadila Amraoui, Renée Zakhia, Laurence Mousson, et al.. The tiger mosquito in Lebanon two decades after its introduction: A growing health concern. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Public Library of Science, 2022, 16 (2), pp.e0010206. ⟨10.1371/journal.pntd.0010206⟩. ⟨pasteur-03578847⟩

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