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Aromatase Deficiency due to a Homozygous CYP19A1 Mutation in a 46,XX Egyptian Patient with Ambiguous Genitalia

Abstract : Aromatase deficiency (AD) is a very rare disorder resulting from mutations in the CYP19A1 gene encoding aromatase, a cytochrome P450 enzyme that plays a pivotal role in androgen conversion to estrogens. AD is inherited in an autosomal recessive trait, and to date only 35 cases have been described in the literature. Herein, we depict a new patient reared as a male, who presented at the age of 21 years with no palpable testis, hypoplastic scrotum, penis-like phallus (3 cm), and penoscrotal hypospadias. The patient was born to consanguineous parents, his karyotype was 46,XX, and SRY was negative. Pelvic sonar showed a small hypoplastic uterus, and no testis could be identified. Serum testosterone was within the reference range of females along with high gonadotropins. Pathology of gonadal biopsy showed ovarian stroma negative for oocytic follicle consistent with streak gonads. All these data were suggestive of AD, which was subsequently confirmed by molecular investigation of the CYP19A1 gene. A homozygous splice site mutation in the donor splice site of exon 9 was identified, c.1263 + 1G>T. This is the first report of such a rare disorder in an Egyptian patient. Our results reinforce the importance of considering AD in patients with 46,XX disorders of sex development after ruling out congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-03521848
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 6:44:41 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 7, 2022 - 10:10:26 AM

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Inas Mazen, Ken Mcelreavey, Aya Elaidy, Alaa Kamel, Mohamed Abdel-Hamid. Aromatase Deficiency due to a Homozygous CYP19A1 Mutation in a 46,XX Egyptian Patient with Ambiguous Genitalia. Sexual Development, 2017, 11 (5-6), pp.275-279. ⟨10.1159/000485278⟩. ⟨pasteur-03521848⟩

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