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PTEN inhibits AMPK to control collective migration

Abstract : ABSTRACT PTEN is one of the most frequently mutated tumor suppressor gene in cancer. PTEN is generally altered in invasive cancers such as glioblastomas, but its function in collective cell migration and invasion is not fully characterized. Herein, we report that the loss of PTEN increases cell speed during collective migration of non-tumourous cells both in vitro and in vivo. We further show that loss of PTEN promotes LKB1-dependent phosphorylation and activation of the major metabolic regulator AMPK. In turn AMPK increases VASP phosphorylation, reduces VASP localization at cell-cell junctions and decreases the interjunctional transverse actin arcs at the leading front, provoking a weakening of cell-cell contacts and increasing migration speed. Targeting AMPK activity not only slows down PTEN-depleted cells, it also limits PTEN-null glioblastoma cell invasion, opening new opportunities to treat glioblastoma lethal invasiveness.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 4:28:58 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 30, 2022 - 10:25:37 AM

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Florent Peglion, Lavinia Capuana, Isabelle Perfettini, Laurent Boucontet, Ben Braithwaite, et al.. PTEN inhibits AMPK to control collective migration. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2022, 13 (1), pp.4528. ⟨10.1038/s41467-022-31842-y⟩. ⟨pasteur-03521353v2⟩

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