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Specificities and commonalities of carbapenemase producing Escherichia coli isolated in France from 2012 to 2015

Abstract : Carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli (CP- Ec ) represent a major public health threat with a risk of dissemination in the community as it has occurred for lineages producing extended spectrum ß-lactamases. To characterize the extend of CP- Ec spread in France, isolates from screening and infection samples received at the French National Reference Centre laboratory (F-NRC) for carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales were investigated. Six hundred and ninety one CP- Ec isolates collected between 2012 and 2015 and 22 before were fully sequenced. Analysis of their genome sequences revealed some disseminating multidrug resistant (MDR) lineages frequently acquiring diverse carbapenemase genes mainly belonging to clonal complex (CC) 23 (ST 410) and CC10 (ST10, ST167) and sporadic isolates including rare ST131 isolates (n=17). However, the most represented ST was ST38 (n=92) with four disseminated lineages carrying bla OXA-48-like genes inserted in the chromosome. Globally, the most frequent carbapenemase gene (n=457) was bla OXA-48 . It was also less frequently associated with MDR isolates being the only resistance gene in 119 isolates. Thus, outside the ST38 clades, its acquisition was frequently sporadic with no sign of dissemination, reflecting the circulation of the IncL plasmid pOXA-48 in France and its high frequency of conjugation. In contrast bla OXA-181 or bla NDM genes were often associated with the evolution of MDR E. coli lineages characterized by mutations in ftsI and ompC . IMPORTANCE Carbapenemase-producing Escherichia coli (CP- Ec ) might be difficult to detect, as minimal inhibitory concentrations can be very low. However, their absolute number and their proportion among carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales have been increasing, as reported by WHO and national surveillance programs. This suggests a still largely uncharacterized community spread of these isolates. Here we have characterized the diversity and evolution of CP- Ec isolated in France before 2016. We show that carbapenemase genes are associated with a wide variety of E. coli genomic backgrounds and a small number of dominant phylogenetic lineages. In a significant proportion of CP- Ec , the most frequent carbapenemase gene bla OXA-48 , was detected in isolates lacking any other resistance gene, reflecting the dissemination of pOXA-48 plasmids, likely in the absence of any antibiotic pressure. In contrast carbapenemase gene transfer may also occur in multi-drug resistant E. coli , ultimately giving rise to at-risk lineages encoding carbapenemases with a high potential of dissemination.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 10, 2022 - 3:19:02 PM
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Rafael Patiño-Navarrete, Isabelle Rosinski-Chupin, Nicolas Cabanel, Pengdbamba Dieudonné Zongo, Mélanie Héry, et al.. Specificities and commonalities of carbapenemase producing Escherichia coli isolated in France from 2012 to 2015. 2022. ⟨pasteur-03519575⟩



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