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Bacterial vaginosis and other infections in pregnant women in Senegal

Abstract : Background Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is associated with a higher risk of preterm delivery and spontaneous abortion. Yet little data on BV prevalence exist for sub-Saharan countries. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of bacterial vaginosis and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Senegal. Methods From October 2013 to December 2018, pregnant women in their third trimester were recruited in two primary health centers (one suburban, one rural) in Senegal. Healthcare workers interviewed women and collected a lower vaginal swab and a blood sample. Vaginal flora were classified into four categories using vaginal smear microscopic examination and Gram’s coloration. In our study, BV was defined as vaginal flora with no Lactobacillus spp. Variables associated with BV were analyzed using STATA® through univariate and multivariate analysis. Results A total of 457 women provided a vaginal sample for analysis. Overall, BV prevalence was 18.6% (85/457) [95% CI 15.4–22.6]) and was similar in suburban and rural areas (18.9% versus 18.1%, p = 0.843). Multivariate analysis showed that primigravidity was the only factor independently associated with a lower risk of BV (aOR 0.35 [95% CI 0.17–0.72]). Conclusions Our study showed significant BV prevalence among pregnant women in Senegal. Although the literature has underscored the potential consequences of BV for obstetric outcomes, data are scarce on BV prevalence in sub-Saharan African countries. Before authorities consider systematic BV screening for pregnant women, a larger study would be useful in documenting prevalence, risk factors and the impact of BV on pregnancy outcomes.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-03464774
Contributor : Huynh Bich-Tram Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, December 3, 2021 - 2:30:27 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 5, 2022 - 11:48:03 AM

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Marion Bonneton, Bich-Tram Huynh, Abdoulaye Seck, Raymond Bercion, Fatoumata Diene Sarr, et al.. Bacterial vaginosis and other infections in pregnant women in Senegal. BMC Infectious Diseases, BioMed Central, 2021, 21 (1), pp.1090. ⟨10.1186/s12879-021-06767-4⟩. ⟨pasteur-03464774⟩

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