Prevalence and Factors Associated with Maternal Group B Streptococcus Colonization in Madagascar and Senegal - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Year : 2021

Prevalence and Factors Associated with Maternal Group B Streptococcus Colonization in Madagascar and Senegal

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Fatoumata Diene Sarr
Perlinot Herindrainy
Jean-Baptiste Diouf
  • Function : Author
Sophie Goyet
Jean-Marc Collard
Birdy Study Group
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Maternal group B Streptococcus (GBS) colonization is a major risk factor for neonatal GBS infection. However, data on GBS are scarce in low- and middle-income countries. Using sociodemographic data and vaginal swabs collected from an international cohort of mothers and newborns, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of GBS colonization among pregnant women in Madagascar ( n = 1,603) and Senegal ( n = 616). The prevalence was 5.0% (95% CI, 3.9–6.1) and 16.1% (95% CI, 13.1–19.0) in Madagascar and Senegal, respectively. No factors among sociodemographic characteristics, living conditions, and obstetric history were found to be associated independently with GBS colonization in both countries. This community-based study provides one of the first estimates of maternal GBS colonization among pregnant women from Madagascar and Senegal.

Dates and versions

pasteur-03356643 , version 1 (28-09-2021)

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Yu-Jin Jung, Bich-Tram Huynh, Abdoulaye Seck, Raymond Bercion, Fatoumata Diene Sarr, et al.. Prevalence and Factors Associated with Maternal Group B Streptococcus Colonization in Madagascar and Senegal. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 2021, ⟨10.4269/ajtmh.21-0113⟩. ⟨pasteur-03356643⟩
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