Imbalanced social-communicative and restricted repetitive behavior subtypes of autism spectrum disorder exhibit different neural circuitry - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Communications Biology Year : 2021

Imbalanced social-communicative and restricted repetitive behavior subtypes of autism spectrum disorder exhibit different neural circuitry

(1, 2) , (1) , (3) , (4, 5) , (1, 2) , (1, 2) , (1) , (1, 6) , (7, 3) , (3) , (8) , (9) , (10) , (11) , (12, 13, 14) , (9) , (8) , (15) , (16) , (3) , (3) , (17) , (17) , (10) , (10) , (11, 18) , (19, 20) , (8, 21) , (8) , (22) , (8) , (11) , , (3) , (3, 23, 24, 25, 26) , (1, 3)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
Eva Loth
  • Function : Author
Eu-Aims Leap Group
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Social-communication (SC) and restricted repetitive behaviors (RRB) are autism diagnostic symptom domains. SC and RRB severity can markedly differ within and between individuals and may be underpinned by different neural circuitry and genetic mechanisms. Modeling SC-RRB balance could help identify how neural circuitry and genetic mechanisms map onto such phenotypic heterogeneity. Here, we developed a phenotypic stratification model that makes highly accurate (97–99%) out-of-sample SC = RRB, SC > RRB, and RRB > SC subtype predictions. Applying this model to resting state fMRI data from the EU-AIMS LEAP dataset ( n = 509), we find that while the phenotypic subtypes share many commonalities in terms of intrinsic functional connectivity, they also show replicable differences within some networks compared to a typically-developing group (TD). Specifically, the somatomotor network is hypoconnected with perisylvian circuitry in SC > RRB and visual association circuitry in SC = RRB. The SC = RRB subtype show hyperconnectivity between medial motor and anterior salience circuitry. Genes that are highly expressed within these networks show a differential enrichment pattern with known autism-associated genes, indicating that such circuits are affected by differing autism-associated genomic mechanisms. These results suggest that SC-RRB imbalance subtypes share many commonalities, but also express subtle differences in functional neural circuitry and the genomic underpinnings behind such circuitry.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
s42003-021-02015-2.pdf (4.33 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

pasteur-03325356 , version 1 (24-08-2021)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

Identifiers

Cite

Natasha Bertelsen, Isotta Landi, Richard A. I. Bethlehem, Jakob Seidlitz, Elena Maria Busuoli, et al.. Imbalanced social-communicative and restricted repetitive behavior subtypes of autism spectrum disorder exhibit different neural circuitry. Communications Biology, 2021, 4 (1), pp.574. ⟨10.1038/s42003-021-02015-2⟩. ⟨pasteur-03325356⟩
33 View
41 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More