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Incorporation of Biological Knowledge Into the Study of Gene-Environment Interactions

Abstract : A growing knowledge base of genetic and environmental information has greatly enabled the study of disease risk factors. However, the computational complexity and statistical burden of testing all variants by all environments has required novel study designs and hypothesis-driven approaches. We discuss how incorporating biological knowledge from model organisms, functional genomics, and integrative approaches can empower the discovery of novel gene-environment interactions and discuss specific methodological considerations with each approach. We consider specific examples where the application of these approaches has uncovered effects of gene-environment interactions relevant to drug response and immunity, and we highlight how such improvements enable a greater understanding of the pathogenesis of disease and the realization of precision medicine.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-03278707
Contributor : Hugues Aschard <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 5, 2021 - 7:53:35 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 30, 2021 - 3:37:25 AM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial 4.0 International License

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Marylyn Ritchie, Joe Davis, Hugues Aschard, Alexis Battle, David Conti, et al.. Incorporation of Biological Knowledge Into the Study of Gene-Environment Interactions. American Journal of Epidemiology, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2017, 186 (7), pp.771-777. ⟨10.1093/aje/kwx229⟩. ⟨pasteur-03278707⟩

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