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New methods to decrypt emerging macropinosome functions during the host–pathogen crosstalk

Abstract : Large volumes of liquid and other materials from the extracellular environment are internalised by eukaryotic cells via an endocytic process called macropinocytosis. It is now recognised that this fundamental and evolutionarily conserved pathway is hijacked by numerous intracellular pathogens as an entry portal to the host cell interior. Yet, an increasing number of additional cellular functions of macropinosomes in pathologic processes have been reported beyond this role for fluid internalisation. It emerges that the identity of macropinosomes can vary hugely and change rapidly during their lifetime. A deeper understanding of this important multi-faceted compartment is based on novel methods for their investigation. These methods are either imaging-based for the tracking of macropinosome dynamics, or they provide the means to extract macropinosomes at high purity for comprehensive proteomic analyses. Here, we portray these new approaches for the investigation of macropinosomes. We document how these method developments have provided insights for a new understanding of the intracellular lifestyle of the bacterial pathogens Shigella and Salmonella. We suggest that a systematic complete characterisation of macropinosome subversion with these approaches during other infection processes and pathologies will be highly beneficial for our understanding of the underlying cellular and molecular processes.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 17, 2021 - 9:57:38 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 10:29:29 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, September 18, 2021 - 6:11:01 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

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Yuen-Yan Chang, Jost Enninga, Virginie Stévenin. New methods to decrypt emerging macropinosome functions during the host–pathogen crosstalk. Cellular Microbiology, Wiley, 2021, ⟨10.1111/cmi.13342⟩. ⟨pasteur-03263215⟩

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