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Invasive Bacterial Infections in Subjects with Genetic and Acquired Susceptibility and Impacts on Recommendations for Vaccination: A Narrative Review

Abstract : The WHO recently endorsed an ambitious plan, “Defeating Meningitis by 2030”, that aims to control/eradicate invasive bacterial infection epidemics by 2030. Vaccination is one of the pillars of this road map, with the goal to reduce the number of cases and deaths due to Neisseria meningitidis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus agalactiae. The risk of developing invasive bacterial infections (IBI) due to these bacterial species includes genetic and acquired factors that favor repeated and/or severe invasive infections. We searched the PubMed database to identify host risk factors that increase the susceptibility to these bacterial species. Here, we describe a number of inherited and acquired risk factors associated with increased susceptibility to invasive bacterial infections. The burden of these factors is expected to increase due to the anticipated decrease in cases in the general population upon the implementation of vaccination strategies. Therefore, detection and exploration of these patients are important as vaccination may differ among subjects with these risk factors and specific strategies for vaccination are required. The aim of this narrative review is to provide information about these factors as well as their impact on vaccination against the four bacterial species. Awareness of risk factors for IBI may facilitate early recognition and treatment of the disease. Preventive measures including vaccination, when available, in individuals with increased risk for IBI may prevent and reduce the number of cases.
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-03261546
Contributor : Ala-Eddine Deghmane Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 5:42:18 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 21, 2021 - 11:48:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 7:08:08 PM

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Ala-Eddine Deghmane, Muhamed-Kheir Taha. Invasive Bacterial Infections in Subjects with Genetic and Acquired Susceptibility and Impacts on Recommendations for Vaccination: A Narrative Review. Microorganisms, MDPI, 2021, 9 (3), pp.467. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms9030467⟩. ⟨pasteur-03261546⟩

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