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Differential transcriptomic response of Anopheles arabiensis to Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum infection

Abstract : Plasmodium vivax malaria is now recognized as the second most dangerous parasitic threat to human health with the regular decrease of Plasmodium falciparum worldwide over recent decades. A very limited numbers of studies address the interaction of P. vivax with its Anopheles mosquito vectors. Those studies were conducted in P. vivax endemic countries with P.vivax local major vectors for which limited genomic and genetic tools are available. Despite the presence of P. vivax in several African countries and increasing reports on its occurrence in many others, there is virtually no data on the molecular responses of Anopheles arabiensis, a major African mosquito vector, to P. vivax, which limits the development of further mosquito-targeted interventions aimed at reducing P. vivax transmission. Taking advantage of the situation of Madagascar where P. falciparum, P. vivax and An. arabiensis are present, we explore the molecular responses of An. arabiensis towards these two human malaria parasites. RNA sequencing on RNAs isolated from mosquito midguts dissected at the early stage of infection (24 hours) was performed using mosquitoes fed on the blood of P. vivax and P. falciparum gametocyte carriers in a field station. From a de novo assembly of An. arabiensis midgut total RNA transcriptome, the comparative analysis revealed that a greater number of genes were differentially expressed in the mosquito midgut in response to P. vivax (209) than to P. falciparum (81). Among these, 15 common genes were identified to be significantly expressed in mosquito midgut 24 hours after ingesting P. vivax and P. falciparum gametocytes, including immune responsive genes and genes involved in amino-acid detoxification pathways. Importantly, working with both wild mosquitoes and field circulating parasites, our analysis revealed a strong mosquito genotype by parasite genotype interaction. Our study also identified 51 putative long non-coding RNAs differentially expressed in An. arabiensis mosquito infected midgut. Among these, several mapped to the published An. arabiensis genome at genes coding immune responsive genes such as gambicin 1, leucine-rich repeat containing genes, either on sense or antisense strands. This study constitutes the first comparison of An. arabiensis molecular interaction with P. vivax and P. falciparum, investigating both coding and long non-coding RNAs for the identification of potential transcripts, that could lead to the development of novel approaches to simultaneously block the transmission of vivax and falciparum malaria.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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Submitted on : Sunday, May 30, 2021 - 3:38:29 PM
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Majoline Tchioffo Tsapi, Etienne Kornobis, Nicolas Puchot, Solomon English, Caroline Proux, et al.. Differential transcriptomic response of Anopheles arabiensis to Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum infection. 2021. ⟨pasteur-03242186⟩



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