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A factor VIII–nanobody fusion protein forming an ultrastable complex with VWF: effect on clearance and antibody formation

Abstract : Von Willebrand factor (VWF) modulates factor VIII (FVIII) clearance and the anti-FVIII immune response. Despite the high affinity that defines the FVIII/VWF interaction, association/dissociation kinetics dictates 2% to 5% FVIII being present as free protein. To avoid free FVIII when studying the FVIII-VWF complex in vivo, we designed a FVIII-nanobody fusion protein, with the nanobody part being directed against VWF. This fusion protein, designated FVIII-KB013bv, had a 25-fold higher affinity compared with B-domainless FVIII (BDD-FVIII) for VWF. In vitro analysis revealed full cofactor activity in 1-stage clotting and chromogenic assays (activity/antigen ratio 1.0 ± 0.3 and 1.1 ± 0.3, respectively). In vivo, FVIII-013bv displayed a twofold increased mean residence time compared with BDD-FVIII (3.0 hours vs 1.6 hours). In a tail clip–bleeding assay performed 24 hours after FVIII infusion, blood loss was significantly reduced in mice receiving FVIII-KB013bv vs BDD-FVIII (15 ± 7 μL vs 194 ± 146 μL; P = .0043). Unexpectedly, when examining anti-FVIII antibody formation in FVIII-deficient mice, the immune-response toward FVIII-KB013bv was significantly reduced compared with BDD-FVIII (1/8 vs 14/16 mice produced anti-FVIII antibodies after treatment with FVIII-KB013bv and BDD-FVIII, respectively). Our data show that a stabilized interaction between FVIII and VWF is associated with a prolonged survival of FVIII and a reduced immune response against FVIII.
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Contributor : Gabriel Ayme <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 27, 2021 - 11:16:26 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, May 9, 2021 - 4:41:24 PM

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Vincent Muczynski, Caterina Casari, François Moreau, Gabriel Ayme, Charlotte Kawecki, et al.. A factor VIII–nanobody fusion protein forming an ultrastable complex with VWF: effect on clearance and antibody formation. Blood, American Society of Hematology, 2018, 132 (11), pp.1193-1197. ⟨10.1182/blood-2018-01-829523⟩. ⟨pasteur-03209466⟩

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