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Crystal Structure of a Cross-reaction Complex between Fab F9.13.7 and Guinea Fowl Lysozyme

Abstract : The crystal structure of the complex between the cross-reacting antigen Guinea fowl lysozyme and the Fab from monoclonal antibody F9.13.7, raised against hen egg lysozyme, has been determined by x-ray diffraction to 3-Å resolution. The antibody interacts with exposed residues of an α-helix and surrounding loops adjacent to the lysozyme active site cleft. The epitope of lysozyme bound by antibody F9.13.7 overlaps almost completely with that bound by antibody HyHEL10; the same 12 residues of the antigen interact with the two antibodies. The antibodies, however, have different combining sites with no sequence homology at any of their complementarity-determining regions and show a dissimilar pattern of cross-reactivity with heterologous antigens. Side chain mobility of epitope residues contributes to confer steric and electrostatic complementarity to differently shaped combining sites, allowing functional mimicry to occur. The capacity of two antibodies that have different fine specificities to bind the same area of the antigen emphasizes the operational character of the definition of an antigenic determinant. This example demonstrates that degenerate binding of the same structural motif does not require the existence of sequence homology or other chemical similarities between the different binding sites.
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Julien Lescar, Matteo Pellegrini, Hélène Souchon, Diana Tello, Roberto Poljak, et al.. Crystal Structure of a Cross-reaction Complex between Fab F9.13.7 and Guinea Fowl Lysozyme. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1995, 270 (30), pp.18067-18076. ⟨10.1074/jbc.270.30.18067⟩. ⟨pasteur-03136579⟩

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