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Molecular epidemiology of invasive and non-invasive group B Streptococcus circulating in Serbia

Abstract : Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus, GBS) remains the leading cause of invasive diseases in neonates and an important cause of infections in the elderly. The aim of this study was to access the prevalence of GBS genito-rectal colonisation of pregnant women and to evaluate the genetic characteristics of invasive and non-invasive GBS isolates recovered throughout Serbia. A total of 432 GBS isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility, capsular polysaccharide (CPS) types and the presence of the hvgA gene. One hundred one randomly selected isolates were further characterized by clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPRs) analysis and/or multilocus sequence typing (MLST). The prevalence of GBS colonization in pregnant women was 15%. Overall, six capsular types (Ia, Ib, II to V) were identified, the most common being III (32.2%) and V (25.2%). The hiper-virulent clone type III/ST17 was present in 43.1% and 6.3% (p < 0.05) of paediatric and adults isolates, respectively. Comparative sequence analysis of the CRISPR1 spacers content indicated that a few clones comprised the vast majority of the tested GBS isolates. Thus, it was estimated that dominant clones recovered from infants were CPS III/ST17 in late-onset infections (19/23; 82.6%), and Ia/ST23 in early-onset disease (44.4%). Conversely, genotype CPS V/ST1 was the most prevalent in adults (4/9; 25.4%). All isolates were susceptible to penicillin. Macrolide resistance (23.1%) was strongly associated with the ermB gene and constitutive resistance to clindamycin (63.9%). The majority of strains was resistant to tetracycline (86.6%), mostly mediated by the tetM gene (87.7%). GBS isolates of CPS V/ST1 and CPS III/ST23 were significantly associated with macrolide and tetracycline resistance, respectively. In conclusion, hyper-virulent CPS III/ST17 and V/ST1 were recognized as dominant GBS clones in this study.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, January 13, 2021 - 6:41:56 AM
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Ina Gajic, Céline Plainvert, Dusan Kekic, Nicolas Dmytruk, Vera Mijac, et al.. Molecular epidemiology of invasive and non-invasive group B Streptococcus circulating in Serbia. International Journal of Medical Microbiology, 2019, 309 (1), pp.19-25. ⟨10.1016/j.ijmm.2018.10.005⟩. ⟨pasteur-03108157⟩



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