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Primary structure and biological features of a thermostable nuclease isolated from Staphylococcus hyicus

Abstract : The nucH gene, encoding a thermostable nuclease (TNase), was isolated from the cellular DNA of Staphylococcus hyicus strain E80 and sequenced. NucH, the 169-amino-acid (aa) protein encoded by this gene, contains, at its N-terminus, a signal peptide which appears to be cleaved at the same site in S. hyicus and Escherichia coli, yielding a mature protein which is exported extracellularly from S. hyicus, but not from E. coli. The aa sequence of NucH is highly homologous with that of the TNase from S. intermedius strain LRA076, whereas significant similarities are observed with the TNase from S. aureus, as well as with three other bacterial proteins of which only one has been shown to exhibit DNase activity. As seen in a multiple sequence alignment, the invariant residues are mostly located in the regions involved in the biological activity of the S. aureus TNase. The ability of crude cell extracts of E. coli strains carrying nucH to degrade various forms of nucleic acids with or without Ca2+ supplementation was studied. Under our experimental conditions, the enzyme encoded by nucH was active at 37 degrees C on both DNA and RNA, had the potential to act as an endonuclease, and functioned in the presence of Ca2+. Moreover, activity was retained after heating at 100 degrees C, suggesting that the enzyme could undergo reversible unfolding.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 18, 2020 - 4:00:13 PM
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Olivier Chesneau, Névine El Solh. Primary structure and biological features of a thermostable nuclease isolated from Staphylococcus hyicus. Gene, Elsevier, 1994, 145 (1), pp.41-47. ⟨10.1016/0378-1119(94)90320-4⟩. ⟨pasteur-03082497⟩



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