P. Aureli, A. M. Ferrini, V. Mannoni, S. Hodzic, C. Wedell-weergaard et al., Susceptibility of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from food in Italy to antibiotics, Int. J. Food Microbiol, vol.83, pp.325-330, 2003.

J. Benes, J. Viechova, M. Kabelkova, and B. Horova, Listerial endocarditis in a penicillin-allergic woman successfully treated with a combination of 4 drugs, J. Infect. Dis, vol.34, pp.383-384, 2002.

E. Charpentier and P. Courvalin, Antibiotic resistance in Listeria spp, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother, vol.43, pp.2103-2108, 1999.

E. Charpentier and P. Courvalin, Emergence of the trimethoprim resistance gene dfrD in Listeria monocytogenes BM4293, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother, vol.41, pp.1134-1136, 1997.

E. Charpentier, G. Gerbaud, and P. Courvalin, Conjugative mobilization of the rolling-circle plasmid pIP823 from Listeria monocytogenes BM4293 among gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, J. Bacteriol, vol.181, pp.3368-3374, 1999.

E. Charpentier, G. Gerbaud, C. Jacquet, J. Rocourt, and P. Courvalin, Incidence of antibiotic resistance in Listeria species, J. Infect. Dis, vol.172, pp.277-281, 1995.

M. Conter, D. Paludi, E. Zanardi, S. Ghidini, A. Vergara et al., Characterization of antimicrobial resistance of foodborne Listeria monocytogenes, Int. J. Food Microbiol, vol.128, pp.497-500, 2009.

J. M. Farber and P. I. Peterkin, Listeria monocytogenes, a food-borne pathogen, Microbiol. Rev, vol.55, pp.476-511, 1991.

S. Godreuil, M. Galimand, G. Gerbaud, C. Jacquet, and P. Courvalin, Efflux pump Lde is associated with fluoroquinolone resistance in Listeria monocytogenes, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother, vol.47, pp.704-708, 2003.

V. Goulet, C. Jacquet, P. Martin, V. Vaillant, E. Laurent et al., Surveillance of human listeriosis in France, Euro Surveill, vol.11, pp.79-81, 2001.

V. Goulet and P. Marchetti, Listeriosis in 225 non-pregnant patients in 1992: clinical aspects and outcome in relation to predisposing conditions. Scand, J. Infect. Dis, vol.28, pp.367-374, 1996.

D. Guillemot, E. Varon, C. Bernede, P. Weber, L. Henriet et al., Reduction of antibiotic use in the community reduces the rate of colonization with penicillin G-nonsusceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae, Clin. Infect. Dis, vol.41, pp.930-938, 2005.

K. Hadorn, H. Hachler, A. Schaffner, and F. H. Kayser, Genetic characterization of plasmid-encoded multiple antibiotic resistance in a strain of Listeria monocytogenes causing endocarditis, Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis, vol.12, pp.928-937, 1993.

J. M. Hansen, P. Gerner-smidt, and B. Bruun, Antibiotic susceptibility of Listeria monocytogenes in Denmark, APMIS, vol.113, pp.31-36, 1958.

W. Heger, M. P. Dierich, and F. Allerberger, In vitro susceptibility of Listeria monocytogenes: comparison of the E test with the agar dilution test, Chemotherapy, vol.43, pp.303-310, 1997.

H. Hof, Listeriosis: therapeutic options, FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol, vol.35, pp.203-205, 2003.

H. Hof, An update on the medical management of listeriosis, Expert Opin. Pharmacother, vol.5, pp.1727-1735, 2004.

P. Huovinen, L. Sundstrom, G. Swedberg, and O. Skold, Trimethoprim and sulfonamide resistance, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother, vol.39, pp.279-289, 1995.

S. Larsson, M. H. Walder, S. N. Cronberg, A. B. Forsgren, and T. Moestrup, Antimicrobial susceptibilities of Listeria monocytogenes strains isolated from 1958 to 1982 in Sweden, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother, vol.28, pp.12-14, 1985.

R. Leclercq, Mechanisms of resistance to macrolides and lincosamides: nature of the resistance elements and their clinical implications, Clin. Infect. Dis, vol.34, pp.482-492, 2002.

Q. Li, J. S. Sherwood, and C. M. Logue, Antimicrobial resistance of Listeria spp. recovered from processed bison, Lett. Appl. Microbiol, vol.44, pp.86-91, 2007.

A. P. Macgowan, H. A. Holt, M. J. Bywater, and D. S. Reeves, In vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of Listeria monocytogenes isolated in the UK and other Listeria species, Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis, vol.9, pp.767-770, 1990.

P. Martin, C. Jacquet, V. Goulet, V. Vaillant, and H. Valk, Pulsedfield gel electrophoresis of Listeria monocytogenes strains: the PulseNet Europe Feasibility Study, Foodborne Pathog. Dis, vol.3, pp.303-308, 2006.

E. Mylonakis, E. L. Hohmann, and S. B. Calderwood, Central nervous system infection with Listeria monocytogenes. 33 years' experience at a general hospital and review of 776 episodes from the literature, Medicine, vol.77, pp.313-336, 1998.

P. N. Poulsen, A. Carvajal, A. Lester, and J. Andreasen, In vitro susceptibility of Listeria monocytogenes isolated from human blood and cerebrospinal fluid. A material from the years 1958-1985, APMIS, vol.96, pp.223-228, 1988.

C. Poyart-salmeron, C. Carlier, P. Trieu-cuot, A. L. Courtieu, and P. Courvalin, Transferable plasmid-mediated antibiotic resistance in Listeria monocytogenes, Lancet, vol.335, pp.1422-1426, 1990.

C. Poyart-salmeron, P. Trieu-cuot, C. Carlier, and P. Courvalin, Molecular characterization of two proteins involved in the excision of the conjugative transposon Tn1545: homologies with other site-specific recombinases, EMBO J, vol.8, pp.2425-2433, 1989.

C. Poyart-salmeron, P. Trieu-cuot, C. Carlier, A. Macgowan, J. Mclauchlin et al., Genetic basis of tetracycline resistance in clinical isolates of Listeria monocytogenes, Antimicrob. Agents Chemother, vol.36, pp.463-466, 1992.

C. Quentin, M. C. Thibaut, J. Horovitz, and C. Bebear, Multiresistant strain of Listeria monocytogenes in septic abortion, Lancet, vol.336, p.375, 1990.

M. C. Roberts, B. Facinelli, E. Giovanetti, and P. E. Varaldo, Transferable erythromycin resistance in Listeria spp. isolated from food, Appl. Environ. Microbiol, vol.62, pp.269-270, 1996.

A. Safdar and D. Armstrong, Antimicrobial activities against 84 Listeria monocytogenes isolates from patients with systemic listeriosis at a comprehensive cancer center, J. Clin. Microbiol, vol.41, pp.483-485, 2003.

B. S. Speer, N. B. Shoemaker, and A. A. Salyers, Bacterial resistance to tetracycline: mechanisms, transfer, and clinical significance, Clin. Microbiol. Rev, vol.5, pp.387-399, 1992.

V. Srinivasan, H. M. Nam, L. T. Nguyen, B. Tamilselvam, S. E. Murinda et al., Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance genes in Listeria monocytogenes isolated from dairy farms, Foodborne Pathog. Dis, vol.2, pp.201-211, 2005.

M. E. Temple and M. C. Nahata, Treatment of listeriosis, Ann. Pharmacother, vol.34, pp.656-661, 2000.

R. Troxler, G. Graevenitz, B. Funke, I. Wiedemann, and . Stock, Natural antibiotic susceptibility of Listeria species: L. grayi, L. innocua, L. ivanovii, L. monocytogenes, L. seeligeri and L. welshimeri strains, Clin. Microbiol. Infect, vol.6, pp.525-535, 2000.

A. Tsakris, A. Papa, J. Douboyas, and A. Antoniadis, Neonatal meningitis due to multi-resistant Listeria monocytogenes, J. Antimicrob. Chemother, vol.39, pp.553-554, 1997.

D. Walsh, G. Duffy, J. J. Sheridan, I. S. Blair, and D. A. Mcdowell, Antibiotic resistance among Listeria, including Listeria monocytogenes, in retail foods, J. Appl. Microbiol, vol.90, pp.517-522, 2001.