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Structure of the prefusion-locking broadly neutralizing antibody RVC20 bound to the rabies virus glycoprotein

Abstract : Rabies virus (RABV) causes fatal encephalitis in more than 59,000 people yearly. Upon the bite of an infected animal, the development of clinical disease can be prevented with post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), which includes the administration of Rabies immunoglobulin (RIG). However, the high cost and limited availability of serum-derived RIG severely hamper its wide use in resource-limited countries. A safe low-cost alternative is provided by using broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (bnAbs). Here we report the X-ray structure of one of the most potent and most broadly reactive human bnAbs, RVC20, in complex with its target domain III of the RABV glycoprotein (G). The structure reveals that the RVC20 binding determinants reside in a highly conserved surface of G, rationalizing its broad reactivity. We further show that RVC20 blocks the acid-induced conformational change required for membrane fusion. Our results may guide the future development of direct antiviral small molecules for Rabies treatment.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 15, 2020 - 4:35:26 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 18, 2020 - 3:27:05 AM

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Jan Hellert, Julian Buchrieser, Florence Larrous, Andrea Minola, Guilherme Dias de Melo, et al.. Structure of the prefusion-locking broadly neutralizing antibody RVC20 bound to the rabies virus glycoprotein. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 11 (1), pp.596. ⟨10.1038/s41467-020-14398-7⟩. ⟨pasteur-02868882⟩

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