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Klebsiella pneumoniae carriage in low-income countries: antimicrobial resistance, genomic diversity and risk factors

Abstract : Klebsiella pneumoniae (hereafter, Kp) is a major public health threat responsible for high levels of multidrug resistant (MDR) human infections. Besides, Kp also causes severe infections in the community, especially in Asia and Africa. Although most Kp infections are caused by endogenous intestinal carriage, little is known about the prevalence and microbiological characteristics of Kp in asymptomatic human carriage, and attached risk factors including environmental sources exposure. Here, 911 pregnant women from communities in Madagascar, Cambodia, and Senegal were screened for gut colonization by Kp. Characteristics of Kp strains (antimicrobial susceptibility, genomic diversity, virulence, and resistance genes) were defined, and associated risk factors were investigated. Kp carriage rate was 55.9%, and Kp populations were highly heterogeneous (6 phylogroups, 325 sequence types, Simpson index 99.6%). One third of Kp isolates had acquired antimicrobial resistance genes. MDR-Kp (11.7% to 39.7%) and extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Kp (0.7% to 14.7%) varied among countries. Isolates with virulence genes were detected (14.5%). Environmental exposure factors including food, animal contacts, or hospitalization of household members were associated with carriage of Kp, antimicrobial resistance and hypervirulence. However, risk factors were country-specific and Kp subpopulation-specific. This large-scale multicenter study uncovers the huge diversity of Kp in human gut carriage, demonstrates that antimicrobial resistance is widespread in communities of three low-income countries, and underlines the challenges posed by Kp colonization to the control of antimicrobial
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https://hal-pasteur.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-02866178
Contributor : Isabelle Moulherat <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 12, 2020 - 12:14:16 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 22, 2020 - 10:36:46 AM

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Bich-Tram Huynh, Virginie Passet, Andriniaina Rakotondrasoa, Thierno Diallo, Alexandra Kerleguer, et al.. Klebsiella pneumoniae carriage in low-income countries: antimicrobial resistance, genomic diversity and risk factors. Gut microbes, Taylor & Francis, 2020, pp.1-13. ⟨10.1080/19490976.2020.1748257⟩. ⟨pasteur-02866178⟩

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