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Human Plasmodium vivax diversity, population structure and evolutionary origin

Virginie Rougeron 1, * Eric Elguero 2 Céline Arnathau 1 Beatriz Acuña Hidalgo 2 Durand Patrick 1 Sandrine Houzé 3 Antoine Berry 4, 5 Sedigheh Zakeri 6 Rashidul Haque 7 Mohammad Shafiul Alam 7 François Nosten 8, 9 Carlo Severini 10 Tamirat Gebru Woldearegai 11, 12, 13 Benjamin Mordmüller 11, 12 Peter Gottfried Kremsner 11 Lilia González-Cerón 14 Gustavo Fontecha 15 Dionicia Gamboa 16 Lise Musset 17 Eric Legrand 18 Oscar Noya 19, 20 Tepanata Pumpaibool 21, 22 Pingchai Harnyuttanakorn 22, 23 Khadijetou Mint Lekweiry 24 Musab Mohamad Albsheer 25 Muzamil Mahdi Abdel Hamid 25 Ali Ould Mohamed Salem Boukary 24, 26 Jean-Francois Trape 2 Francois Renaud 2 Franck Prugnolle 2
* Corresponding author
1 MIVEGEC-HEAT - Health, Emergence, Adaptation and Transmission
PEEC - Processus Écologiques et Évolutifs au sein des Communautés
Abstract : More than 200 million malaria clinical cases are reported each year due to Plasmodium vivax, the most widespread Plasmodium species in the world. This species has been neglected and understudied for a long time, due to its lower mortality in comparison with Plasmodium falciparum. A renewed interest has emerged in the past decade with the discovery of antimalarial drug resistance and of severe and even fatal human cases. Nonetheless, today there are still significant gaps in our understanding of the population genetics and evolutionary history of P. vivax, particularly because of a lack of genetic data from Africa. To address these gaps, we genotyped 14 microsatellite loci in 834 samples obtained from 28 locations in 20 countries from around the world. We discuss the worldwide population genetic structure and diversity and the evolutionary origin of P. vivax in the world and its introduction into the Americas. This study demonstrates the importance of conducting genome-wide analyses of P. vivax in order to unravel its complex evolutionary history.
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Virginie Rougeron, Eric Elguero, Céline Arnathau, Beatriz Acuña Hidalgo, Durand Patrick, et al.. Human Plasmodium vivax diversity, population structure and evolutionary origin. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, Public Library of Science, 2020, 14 (3), pp.e0008072. ⟨10.1371/journal.pntd.0008072⟩. ⟨pasteur-02567249⟩

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