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The proportion of CD57+ cells among effector CD8+ T cells is lower in HIV controllers compared with antiretroviral therapy-treated patients

Abstract : BACKGROUND: HIV infection has often been linked to faster immune ageing. We sought to determine whether or not treatment-naive spontaneous HIV-1 controllers (HICs) and ART-exposed patients differ with regard to the expression of cell senescence markers. METHODS: Eighty-eight chronically infected HICs and ART-exposed patients (median time since infection: 15 years) with an undetectable plasma HIV RNA load (at least for the previous 2 years) were included. We used flow cytometry to measure immunosenescence markers (KLRG-1 and CD57) expression in fresh blood samples collected from patients and healthy donors. RESULTS: For the CD8 T-cell population as a whole, the ART-exposed but not the HIC patients exhibited a much higher proportion of KLRG-1 and CD57 CD8 T cells than healthy blood donors. For the CD8 T-cell subsets, HICs had a lower proportion of CD57 effector CD8 T cells than ART patients or healthy blood donors, whereas the proportions of KLRG-1 effector were similar. A similar trend was observed for terminal effectors. No impact of age, sex or standard parameters of infection (CD4 percentage, protective HLA allele, viral blips) was observed. The difference in the proportion of CD57 cells between HICs and ART was observed more specifically in long-term infected patients (>20 years). However, whenever considering the CD57 effector memory and effector subsets, the cytotoxic granule content was greater in HICs than in ART. CONCLUSION: The proportion of CD57 effector CD8 T cells is lower in HICs than in ART-exposed patients. This profile may be beneficial by ensuring limited senescence associated with consistent cytotoxic potential.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 28, 2020 - 11:53:47 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:15:02 AM

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Soledad Henriquez, Camille Lécuroux, Marie Bitu, Véronique Avettand-Fenoel, Françoise Churaqui, et al.. The proportion of CD57+ cells among effector CD8+ T cells is lower in HIV controllers compared with antiretroviral therapy-treated patients. AIDS, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2019, 33 (14), pp.2137-2147. ⟨10.1097/QAD.0000000000002342⟩. ⟨pasteur-02549974⟩

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