, Guidelines for the Prevention, Care and Treatment of Persons with Chronic Hepatitis B infection, 2015.

Y. Shimakawa, M. Lemoine, H. F. Njai, C. Bottomley, G. Ndow et al., Natural history of chronic HBV infection in west Africa: a longitudinal population-based study from The Gambia, 2015.

H. El-serag, Hepatocellular cancer, N Engl J Med, vol.365, pp.1118-1127, 2011.

M. Lemoine, S. Eholié, and K. Lacombe, Reducing the neglected burden of viral hepatitis in Africa: strategies for a global approach, J Hepatol, vol.62, pp.469-476, 2015.

A. J. Stockdale and A. M. Geretti, Chronic hepatitis B infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a grave challenge and a great hope, Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg, vol.109, pp.421-422, 2015.

H. Samuelsen, Infusions of health: the popularity of vaccinations among Bissa in Burkina Faso, Anthropol Med, vol.8, pp.163-175, 2001.

M. A. Leach, J. R. Fairhead, D. Millimouno, and A. A. Diallo, New therapeutic landscapes in Africa: parental categories and practices in seeking infant health in the Republic of Guinea, Soc Sci Med, vol.66, pp.2157-2167, 2008.

L. Carruth, Camel milk, amoxicillin, and a prayer: medical pluralism and medical humanitarian aid in the Somali Region of Ethiopia, Soc Sci Med, vol.120, pp.405-412, 2014.

D. Pourette and C. Enel, Représentations et vécu de l'hépatite B de patients subsahariens en Côte d'Ivoire et en France: representations and disease experience of hepatitis B by Sub-Saharan patients in Ivory Coast and France, Santé Publique, vol.26, pp.869-878, 2014.

P. Mkandawire, C. Richmond, J. Dixon, I. N. Luginaah, and J. Tobias, Hepatitis B in Ghana's upper west region: a hidden epidemic in need of national policy attention, Health Place, vol.23, pp.89-96, 2013.

D. A. Blanas, K. Nichols, M. Bekele, H. Shankar, S. Bekele et al., Adapting the Andersen model to a francophone west African immigrant population: hepatitis B screening and linkage to care in New York City, J Community Health, vol.40, pp.175-184, 2015.

A. Cheng, J. Jose, R. Larsen-reindorf, C. Small, H. Nde et al., A survey study of pregnant women and healthcare practitioners assessing the knowledge of attitudes and practices of hepatitis B management at a teaching hospital in Kumasi, Open Forum Infect Dis, vol.2, p.122, 2015.

D. Pourette, Prise en charge du VIH et de l'hépatite B chronique chez les migrants subsahariens en France: le rôleclé de la relation médecin-patient, Santé Publique, vol.25, pp.561-570, 2013.

G. Abeje and M. Azage, Hepatitis B vaccine knowledge and vaccination status among health care workers of Bahir Dar City Administration, northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study, BMC Infect Dis, vol.15, p.1, 2015.

A. Schweitzer, J. Horn, R. T. Mikolajczyk, G. Krause, and J. J. Ott, Estimations of worldwide prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus infection: a systematic review of data published between, Lancet, vol.386, pp.1546-1555, 1965.

V. Ridde, M. Carabali, A. Ly, T. Druetz, S. Kouanda et al., The need for more research and public health interventions on dengue fever in Burkina Faso, PLoS Negl Trop Dis, vol.8, p.2859, 2014.

V. Ridde, The problem of the worst-off is dealt with after all other issues": the equity and health policy implementation gap in Burkina Faso, Soc Sci Med, vol.66, pp.1368-1378, 2008.

, Population Des Principales Villes, INSD, 2013.

. Insd and . Statistique, Ouagadougou: Ministère de l'Économie et des Finances, 2015.

P. Bonnard, R. Sombié, F. Lescure, A. Bougouma, J. B. Guiard-schmid et al., Comparison of elastography, serum marker scores, and histology for the assessment of liver fibrosis in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients in Burkina Faso, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.82, pp.454-458, 2010.

K. Charmaz, Constructing Grounded Theory: A Practical Guide Through Qualitative Analysis, 2006.

T. Giles-vernick, A. Traore, and S. B. Sirima, Malaria, environmental change, and a historical epidemiology of childhood 'cold fevers': popular interpretations from southwestern Burkina Faso, Health Place, vol.17, pp.836-842, 2011.

M. Dugas, E. Dubé, and G. Bibeau, Translating malaria as sumaya: justified convention or inappropriateness, Anthropol Med, vol.16, pp.307-318, 2009.

, World Bank, 2015.

M. Gulliford, J. Figueroa-munoz, M. Morgan, D. Hughes, B. Gibson et al., What does 'access to health care' mean?, J Health Serv Res Policy, vol.7, pp.186-188, 2002.

J. Debes, J. Kayandabila, and H. Pogemiller, Knowledge of hepatitis B transmission risks among health workers in Tanzania, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.94, pp.1100-1102, 2016.

J. Fontein, Graves, ruins, and belonging: towards an anthropology of proximity, J R Anthropol Inst, vol.17, pp.706-727, 2011.

H. Brown and A. H. Kelly, Material proximities and hotspots: toward an anthropology of viral hemorrhagic fevers, Med Anthropol Q, vol.28, pp.280-303, 2014.