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Tetanus in animals

Michel Popoff 1
1 Toxines bactériennes - Bacterial Toxins
Institut Pasteur [Paris], UPD7 - Université Paris Diderot - Paris 7, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : ERL6002
Abstract : Tetanus is a neurologic disease of humans and animals characterized by spastic paralysis. Tetanus is caused by tetanus toxin (TeNT) produced by Clostridium tetani, an environmental soilborne, gram-positive, sporulating bacterium. The disease most often results from wound contamination by soil containing C. tetani spores. Horses, sheep, and humans are highly sensitive to TeNT, whereas cattle, dogs, and cats are more resistant. The diagnosis of tetanus is mainly based on the characteristic clinical signs. Identification of C. tetani at the wound site is often difficult.
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Michel Popoff. Tetanus in animals. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, 2020, 32 (2), pp.184-191. ⟨10.1177/1040638720906814⟩. ⟨pasteur-02526019⟩

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