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Isavuconazole MIC distribution of 29 yeast species responsible for invasive infections (2015–2017)

Abstract : Isavuconazole is a recent extended-spectrum triazole with activity against yeasts. However, few data are available about the in vitro activity of rare yeast species. We report the MIC distribution of isavuconazole compared with fluconazole for a large collection of common or rare yeasts. METHODS: Isavuconazole and fluconazole MICs were determined using the EUCAST method for 1457 clinical isolates, mainly recovered from invasive infections, belonging to 29 species. They were sent to the National Reference Centre for Invasive Mycoses & Antifungals between January 2015 and October 2017 and species identification was performed using a polyphasic approach (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight analysis and a molecular method). RESULTS: Isavuconazole had effective in vitro activity against Cryptococcus neoformans (MIC90 < 0.25 mg/L), the five most common Candida spp. (MIC90 ≤ 0.5 mg/L for Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida tropicalis, Candida parapsilosis, and Candida krusei) and also against the majority of rare species, including Candida kefyr and Candida lusitaniae. A few isolates of C. albicans (0.7%, 3/404), C. glabrata (2.7%, 5/184), C. tropicalis (1.0%, 1/96) and C. parapsilosis (0.8%, 1/127) exhibited MIC ≥4 mg/L. All were also resistant to fluconazole according to the EUCAST breakpoints. Some isolates with isavuconazole MIC ≥4 mg/L were also observed among rarer species: Meyerozyma guilliermondii (8.7%, 2/23), Wickerhamomyces anomalus (10.0%, 1/10). Other rare species Saprochaete clavata, Magnusiomyces capitatus, and Rhodotorula mucilaginosa had high MIC50 (≥1 mg/L) and MIC90 (≥4 mg/L) and could be considered as resistant to isavuconazole. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the good in vitro activity of isavuconazole against common Candida, Cryptococcus species and the majority of the rare yeast species studied
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 24, 2019 - 8:21:52 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 11:18:42 AM

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M. Desnos-Ollivier, S. Bretagne, A Boullie, C. Gautier, F. Dromer, et al.. Isavuconazole MIC distribution of 29 yeast species responsible for invasive infections (2015–2017). Clinical Microbiology and Infection, Elsevier for the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 2019, 25 (5), pp.634.e1-634.e4. ⟨10.1016/j.cmi.2019.02.007⟩. ⟨pasteur-02192580⟩

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