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Cytokines in genetic susceptibility to multiple sclerosis: a candidate gene approach

Abstract : The immune system is involved in the pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis MS but the initiating antigen s is not yet identified. Since cytokines control both the intensity and the quality of the immune response they may be relevant candidates for the genetic susceptibility to MS. To analyze the contribution of type 1 and type 2 cytokine and cytokine receptor genes in the genetic susceptibility to MS, we have examined, in 116 French MS sibpairs, whether there is significant linkage between MS and 15 cytokine or cytokine receptor genes using 31 highly polymorphic genetic markers. The data were analyzed using the maximum likelihood score and the transmission disequilibrium approaches. None of the candidate genes tested was significantly linked to MS on the whole population. However, after Ž. U stratification of the analysis on the basis of sharing or not of the HLA-DRB1 1501 allele, indication of linkage was found for the IL2-RB gene. These findings suggest that the IL2-RB locus contributes to the genetic susceptibility in a subgroup of MS patients.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 12, 2019 - 9:45:12 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 20, 2020 - 3:05:29 AM

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Jocelyne Reboul, Caroline Mertens, Florence Levillayer, Sophie Eichenbaum-Voline, Thomas Vilkoren, et al.. Cytokines in genetic susceptibility to multiple sclerosis: a candidate gene approach. Journal of Neuroimmunology, Elsevier, 2000, 102 (1), pp.107 - 112. ⟨10.1016/S0165-5728(99)00158-7⟩. ⟨pasteur-02097512⟩

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