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Past and future spread of the arbovirus vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus

Moritz U G Kraemer 1, 2, 3, * Robert C. Reiner Jr 4 Oliver J. Brady 5 Jane Messina 1 Marius Gilbert 6, 7 David M Pigott 4 Dingdong Yi 8 Kimberly Johnson 4 Lucas Earl 4 Laurie Marczak 4 Shreya Shirude 4 Nicole Davis Weaver 4 Donal Bisanzio 9 T. Alex Perkins 10 Shengjie Lai 11, 12, 13 Xin Lu 14, 15, 16 Peter Jones 17 Giovanini Coelho 18 Roberta G. Carvalho 19 Wim van Bortel 20, 21 Cedric Marsboom 22 Guy Hendrickx 22 Francis Schaffner 23 Chester Moore 24 Heinrich Nax 25 Linus Bengtsson 13, 26 Erik Wetter 27, 13 Andrew J Tatem 12, 13 John S Brownstein 2, 3 David L. Smith 4 Louis A Lambrechts 28 Simon Cauchemez 29 Catherine Linard 5, 30 Nuno Faria 1 Oliver G Pybus 1 Thomas Scott 31 Qiyong Liu 32, 33 Hongjie Yu 8 G R William Wint 1 Simon Hay 4, * Nick Golding 34, * 
* Corresponding author
Abstract : The global population at risk from mosquito-borne diseases-including dengue, yellow fever, chikungunya and Zika-is expanding in concert with changes in the distribution of two key vectors: Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. The distribution of these species is largely driven by both human movement and the presence of suitable climate. Using statistical mapping techniques, we show that human movement patterns explain the spread of both species in Europe and the United States following their introduction. We find that the spread of Ae. aegypti is characterized by long distance importations, while Ae. albopictus has expanded more along the fringes of its distribution. We describe these processes and predict the future distributions of both species in response to accelerating urbanization, connectivity and climate change. Global surveillance and control efforts that aim to mitigate the spread of chikungunya, dengue, yellow fever and Zika viruses must consider the so far unabated spread of these mosquitos. Our maps and predictions offer an opportunity to strategically target surveillance and control programmes and thereby augment efforts to reduce arbovirus burden in human populations globally.
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Moritz U G Kraemer, Robert C. Reiner Jr, Oliver J. Brady, Jane Messina, Marius Gilbert, et al.. Past and future spread of the arbovirus vectors Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Nature Microbiology, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 13, ⟨10.1038/s41564-019-0376-y⟩. ⟨pasteur-02067318⟩



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