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Transport and Catabolism of Carbohydrates by Neisseria meningitidis.

Abstract : We identified the genes encoding the proteins for the transport of glucose and maltose in Neisseria meningitidis strain 2C4-3. A mutant deleted for NMV_1892(glcP) no longer grew on glucose and deletion of NMV_0424(malY) prevented the utilization of maltose. We also purified and characterized glucokinase and α-phosphoglucomutase, which catalyze early catabolic steps of the two carbohydrates. N. meningitidis catabolizes the two carbohydrates either via the Entner-Doudoroff (ED) pathway or the pentose phosphate pathway, thereby forming glyceraldehyde-3-P and either pyruvate or fructose-6-P, respectively. We purified and characterized several key enzymes of the two pathways. The genes required for the transformation of glucose into gluconate-6-P and its further catabolism via the ED pathway are organized in two adjacent operons. N. meningitidis also contains genes encoding proteins which exhibit similarity to the gluconate transporter (NMV_2230) and gluconate kinase (NMV_2231) of Enterobacteriaceae and Firmicutes. However, gluconate might not be the real substrate of NMV_2230 because N. meningitidis was not able to grow on gluconate as the sole carbon source. Surprisingly, deletion of NMV_2230 stimulated growth in minimal medium in the presence and absence of glucose and drastically slowed the clearance of N. meningitidis cells from transgenic mice after intraperitoneal challenge.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 6, 2019 - 10:42:48 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 10:00:33 AM

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Meriem Derkaoui, Ana Antunes, Jamila Nait Abdallah, Sandrine Poncet, Alain Mazé, et al.. Transport and Catabolism of Carbohydrates by Neisseria meningitidis.. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Karger, 2016, 26 (5), pp.320-332. ⟨10.1159/000447093⟩. ⟨pasteur-02058783⟩

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