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Salmonelloses chez des jeunes enfants et exposition aux reptiles domestiques : investigation en France métropolitaine en 2012

Abstract : Salmonella transmission from reptiles has been reported in many countries, mostly among children. To describe cases of reptiles associated salmonellosis in young children in France, an investigation was conducted in 2012 among children under 5 years old with salmonellosis caused by a serotype confirmed by the National Reference Center and previously associated with reptiles in the literature. Children’s parents were surveyed by telephone using a questionnaire on the clinical symptoms, the onset of symptoms among family members, the history of recent travel and contacts with animals. Thirteen of the 41 children (32%) included had been exposed to reptiles, only one had direct contact with the animal. The isolates belonged to 9 different serotypes. The animals involved were mainly turtles (6 cases). Two children had meningitis. For one child, the same Salmonella was identified in the patient samples and in the domestic lizard samples. Twelve families of the 13 investigated were unaware of the risk of transmission of Salmonella from reptiles before the illness of their child. This investigation confirms that in France, even without direct contact, pet reptiles can sometimes lead to serious Salmonella infections in young children, and shows the importance of informing the public and physicians about this risk.
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Mélanie Colomb-Cotinat, Simon Le Hello, Xavier Rosières, Renaud Lailler, François-Xavier Weill, et al.. Salmonelloses chez des jeunes enfants et exposition aux reptiles domestiques : investigation en France métropolitaine en 2012. Bulletin Epidémiologique Hebdomadaire - BEH, Saint-Maurice (Val de Marne) : Institut de veille sanitaire, 2014, 1-2, pp.2-8. ⟨pasteur-02048173⟩

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