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Les fièvres typhoïdes et paratyphoïdes en France entre 2004 et 2009

Abstract : Between 2004 and 2009, 615 cases of typhoid fever, 178 cases of paratyphoid A fever, 82 cases of paratyphoid B fever and 6 cases of paratyphoid C fever were reported in France. The annual incidence of cases notified in metropolitan France was 0.23 cases per 100,000 inhabitants. The sex ratio was 1.1. The average age of the cases was 28 years. In 91% of cases, typhoid fever had been acquired during a stay in endemic areas, mainly in Africa and in the Indian subcontinent. This proportion was 88% for paratyphoid fever. All strains of S. Typhi acquired in North Africa were sensitive to all antibiotics. This sensitivity was only 18% for Asian strains. Several episodes of clustered cases were detected during these six years, thanks to investigations conducted by the local services of the Ministry of Health, in collaboration with the InVS cells in regions and microbiological monitoring conducted with the National Reference Centre for Salmonella.
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Gilles Delmas, Véronique Vaillant, Nathalie Jourdan, Simon Le Hello, François-Xavier Weill, et al.. Les fièvres typhoïdes et paratyphoïdes en France entre 2004 et 2009. Bulletin Epidémiologique Hebdomadaire - BEH, Saint-Maurice (Val de Marne) : Institut de veille sanitaire, 2011, 2, pp.9-12. ⟨pasteur-02047877⟩



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