S. Bhatt, P. W. Gething, O. J. Brady, J. P. Messina, A. W. Farlow et al., The global distribution and burden of dengue, Nature, vol.496, issue.7446, p.23563266, 2013.

K. Zouache and A. B. Failloux, Insect-pathogen interactions: contribution of viral adaptation to the emergence of vector-borne diseases, the example of chikungunya. Current Opinion in Insect Science, vol.10, pp.14-21, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01717551

D. Gatherer and A. Kohl, Zika virus: a previously slow pandemic spreads rapidly through the Americas, J Gen Virol, vol.97, issue.2, p.26684466, 2016.

J. D. Edman, D. Strickman, P. Kittayapong, and T. W. Scott, Female Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Thailand rarely feed on sugar, J Med Entomol, vol.29, issue.6, p.1460619, 1992.

H. Delatte, A. Desvars, A. Bouetard, S. Bord, G. Gimonneau et al., Blood-feeding behavior of Aedes albopictus, a vector of Chikungunya on La Reunion. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis, vol.10, p.19589060, 2010.

J. R. Powell and W. J. Tabachnick, History of domestication and spread of Aedes aegypti-a review, Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, vol.108, pp.11-18, 2013.

N. G. Gratz, Critical review of the vector status of Aedes albopictus, Med Vet Entomol, vol.18, issue.3, p.15347388, 2004.

C. Paupy, H. Delatte, L. Bagny, V. Corbel, and D. Fontenille, Aedes albopictus, an arbovirus vector: from the darkness to the light. Microbes and infection / Institut Pasteur, vol.11, pp.1177-85, 2009.

J. M. Medlock, K. M. Hansford, V. Versteirt, B. Cull, H. Kampen et al., An entomological review of invasive mosquitoes in Europe, Bull Entomol Res, vol.105, issue.6, p.25804287, 2015.

A. J. Cornel and R. H. Hunt, Aedes albopictus in Africa? First records of live specimens in imported tires in Cape Town, J Am Mosq Control Assoc, vol.7, issue.1, p.2045799, 1991.

H. M. Savage, V. I. Ezike, A. C. Nwankwo, R. Spiegel, and B. R. Miller, First record of breeding populations of Aedes albopictus in continental Africa: implications for arboviral transmission, J Am Mosq Control Assoc, vol.8, issue.1, p.1583480, 1992.

D. Fontenille and J. C. Toto, Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse), a potential new Dengue vector in southern Cameroon, Emerg Infect Dis, vol.7, issue.6, p.11747746, 2001.
DOI : 10.3201/eid0706.010631

URL : https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/content/24/11/pdfs/v24-n11.pdf

J. C. Toto, S. Abaga, P. Carnevale, and F. Simard, First report of the oriental mosquito Aedes albopictus on the West African island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea, Med Vet Entomol, vol.17, issue.3, p.12941021, 2003.

T. Coffinet, J. R. Mourou, B. Pradines, J. C. Toto, F. Jarjaval et al., First record of Aedes albopictus in Gabon, J Am Mosq Control Assoc, vol.23, issue.4, p.18240521, 2007.

M. Diallo, R. Laganier, and A. Nangouma, First record of Ae. albopictus (Skuse 1894), in Central African Republic, Trop Med Int Health, vol.15, issue.10, p.20831673, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00540435

A. A. Kelvin, Outbreak of Chikungunya in the Republic of Congo and the global picture, J Infect Dev Ctries, vol.5, issue.6, p.21727642, 2011.

G. C. Muller, O. Tsabari, M. M. Traore, S. F. Traore, S. Doumbia et al., First record of Aedes albopictus in inland Africa along the River Niger in Bamako and Mopti, Acta Trop, vol.162, p.27450393, 2016.

A. Kampango and A. P. Abilio, The Asian tiger hunts in Maputo city-the first confirmed report of Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse, 1895) in Mozambique, Parasit Vectors, vol.9, p.26856329, 2016.

S. Reis, A. J. Cornel, M. Melo, H. Pereira, and C. Loiseau, First record of Aedes albopictus (Skuse 1894) on Sao tome island, Acta Trop, vol.171, p.28377219, 2017.
DOI : 10.1016/j.actatropica.2017.03.035

A. Izri, I. Bitam, and R. N. Charrel, First entomological documentation of Aedes (Stegomyia) albopictus (Skuse, 1894) in Algeria, Clin Microbiol Infect, vol.17, issue.7, p.21435096, 2011.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2010.03443.x

URL : https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-0691.2010.03443.x

A. Bennouna, T. Balenghien, H. El-rhaffouli, F. Schaffner, C. Garros et al., First record of Stegomyia albopicta (= Aedes albopictus) in Morocco: a major threat to public health in North Africa?, Med Vet Entomol, vol.31, issue.1, p.27775162, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01512009

A. B. Failloux, A. Bouattour, C. Faraj, F. Gunay, N. Haddad et al., Surveillance of Arthropod-Borne Viruses and Their Vectors in the Mediterranean and Black Sea Regions Within the MediLabSecure Network, Curr Trop Med Rep, vol.4, issue.1, p.28386524, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01586381

E. Harrak, M. Lgb, L. Gounon, and P. , Isolation of West Nile virus in Morocco

, Virologie, vol.1, pp.248-257, 1997.

I. Schuffenecker, C. N. Peyrefitte, M. El-harrak, S. Murri, A. Leblond et al., West Nile virus in Morocco, Emerg Infect Dis, vol.11, issue.2, p.15752452, 2003.

J. Figuerola, R. E. Baouab, R. Soriguer, O. Fassi-fihri, F. Llorente et al., West Nile virus antibodies in wild birds, Emerg Infect Dis, vol.15, issue.10, pp.1651-1654, 2008.

E. Ayari-fakhfakh, A. Ghram, A. Bouattour, I. Larbi, L. Gribaa-dridi et al., First serological investigation of peste-des-petits-ruminants and Rift Valley fever in Tunisia, Vet J, vol.187, issue.3, p.20167519, 2011.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00606752

M. El-harrak, R. Martin-folgar, F. Llorente, P. Fernandez-pacheco, A. Brun et al., Rift Valley and West Nile virus antibodies in camels, North Africa. Emerg Infect Dis, vol.17, issue.12, p.22172452, 2011.

M. Behnassi, K. Kahime, S. Boussaa, A. Boumezzough, and M. Messouli, Infectious diseases and climate vulnerability in Morocco: Governance and adaptation options Examining the Role of Environmental Change on Emerging Infectious Diseases and Pandemics2016, pp.138-62

L. Lambrechts, C. Chevillon, R. G. Albright, B. Thaisomboonsuk, J. H. Richardson et al., Genetic specificity and potential for local adaptation between dengue viruses and mosquito vectors, BMC Evolutionary Biology, vol.9, p.19589156, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02152278

L. Lambrechts, T. W. Scott, and D. J. Gubler, Consequences of the expanding global distribution of Aedes albopictus for dengue virus transmission, PLoS Negl Trop Dis, vol.4, issue.5, p.20520794, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-02011027

I. Schuffenecker, I. Iteman, A. Michault, S. Murri, L. Frangeul et al., Genome microevolution of chikungunya viruses causing the Indian Ocean outbreak, PLoS Med, vol.3, issue.7, p.16700631, 2006.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01659363

L. Rosen and D. Gubler, The use of mosquitoes to detect and propagate dengue viruses. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, vol.23, p.4429185, 1974.

M. Dupont-rouzeyrol, L. Diancourt, E. Calvez, M. Vandenbogaert, O. Connor et al., Zika virus evolution on the edges of the Pacific ocean, Emerg Microbes Infect, vol.6, issue.12, p.29235552, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01680205

F. Rodhain, C. Hannoun, F. X. Jousset, and P. Ravisse,

, Bull Soc Pathol Exot, vol.72, issue.5-6, pp.411-416, 1979.

M. Dubrulle, L. Mousson, S. Moutailler, M. Vazeille, and A. B. Failloux, Chikungunya virus and Aedes mosquitoes: saliva is infectious as soon as two days after oral infection, PLoS One, vol.4, issue.6, p.19521520, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-00395262

A. F. Payne, I. Binduga-gajewska, E. B. Kauffman, and L. D. Kramer, Quantitation of flaviviruses by fluorescent focus assay, J Virol Methods, vol.134, issue.1-2, p.16510196, 2006.

Z. Liu, Z. Zhang, Z. Lai, T. Zhou, Z. Jia et al., Temperature Increase Enhances Aedes albopictus Competence to Transmit Dengue Virus, Front Microbiol, vol.8, p.29250045, 2017.

M. I. Salazar, J. H. Richardson, I. Sanchez-vargas, K. E. Olson, and B. J. Beaty, Dengue virus type 2: replication and tropisms in orally infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, BMC Microbiol, vol.7, issue.9, p.17263893, 2007.

D. Couto-lima, Y. Madec, M. I. Bersot, S. S. Campos, M. A. Motta et al., Potential risk of reemergence of urban transmission of Yellow Fever virus in Brazil facilitated by competent Aedes populations, Sci Rep, vol.7, issue.1, p.28687779, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01564978

H. Jupille, G. Seixas, L. Mousson, C. A. Sousa, and A. B. Failloux, Zika Virus, a New Threat for Europe?, PLoS Negl Trop Dis, vol.10, issue.8, p.27505002, 2016.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01473911

K. A. Tsetsarkin, D. L. Vanlandingham, C. E. Mcgee, and S. Higgs, A single mutation in chikungunya virus affects vector specificity and epidemic potential, PLoS Pathog, vol.3, issue.12, p.18069894, 2007.

M. Vazeille, S. Moutailler, D. Coudrier, C. Rousseaux, H. Khun et al., Two Chikungunya isolates from the outbreak of La Reunion (Indian Ocean) exhibit different patterns of infection in the mosquito, Aedes albopictus, PLoS One, vol.2, issue.11, p.18000540, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00196860

K. Zouache, A. Fontaine, A. Vega-rua, L. Mousson, J. M. Thiberge et al., Threeway interactions between mosquito population, viral strain and temperature underlying chikungunya virus transmission potential. Proceedings Biological sciences / The Royal Society, p.281, 1792.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/pasteur-01680228

C. Ruckert and G. D. Ebel, How Do Virus-Mosquito Interactions Lead to Viral Emergence?, Trends Parasitol, vol.34, issue.4, p.29305089, 2018.

Y. Tsuda, Y. Maekawa, K. Ogawa, K. Itokawa, O. Komagata et al., Biting Density and Distribution of Aedes albopictus during the September 2014 Outbreak of Dengue Fever in Yoyogi Park and the Vicinity of Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. Jpn J Infect Dis, vol.69, issue.1, p.25766613, 2016.