G. R. Abecasis, S. S. Cherny, W. O. Cookson, and L. R. Cardon, Merlin-rapid analysis of dense genetic maps using sparse gene flow trees, Nat Genet, vol.30, pp.97-101, 2002.
DOI : 10.1038/ng786

G. R. Abecasis and J. E. Wigginton, Handling marker-marker linkage disequilibrium: pedigree analysis with clustered markers, Am J Hum Genet, vol.77, pp.754-767, 2005.
DOI : 10.1086/497345

URL : https://doi.org/10.1086/497345

J. C. Barrett, B. Fry, J. Maller, and M. J. Daly, Haploview: analysis and visualization of LD and haplotype maps, Bioinformatics, vol.21, pp.263-265, 2005.
DOI : 10.1093/bioinformatics/bth457

URL : https://academic.oup.com/bioinformatics/article-pdf/21/2/263/456887/bth457.pdf

W. Y. Chan, D. E. Lorke, S. C. Tiu, and D. T. Yew, Proliferation and apoptosis in the developing human neocortex, Anat Rec, vol.267, pp.261-276, 2002.
DOI : 10.1002/ar.10100

W. Y. Chan and D. T. Yew, Apoptosis and Bcl-2 oncoprotein expression in the human fetal central nervous system, Anat Rec, vol.252, pp.165-175, 1998.
DOI : 10.1002/(sici)1097-0185(199810)252:2<165::aid-ar2>3.0.co;2-2

URL : https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/%28SICI%291097-0185%28199810%29252%3A2%3C165%3A%3AAID-AR2%3E3.0.CO%3B2-2

D. Braekeleer and M. , Hereditary disorders in, Hum Hered, vol.41, pp.141-146, 1991.

M. De-braekeleer, C. Mari, C. Verlingue, C. Allard, J. P. Leblanc et al., Complete identification of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator mutations in the CF population of, Clin Genet, vol.53, pp.44-46, 1998.

R. S. Desikan, F. Se´gonnese´gonne, B. Fischl, B. T. Quinn, B. C. Dickerson et al., An automated labeling system for subdividing the human cerebral cortex on MRI scans into gyral based regions of interest, Neuroimage, vol.31, pp.968-980, 2006.

X. Ding, C. Luo, J. Zhou, Y. Zhong, X. Hu et al., The interaction of KCTD1 with transcription factor AP2alpha inhibits its transactivation, J Cell Biochem, vol.106, pp.285-295, 2009.
DOI : 10.1002/jcb.22002

H. T. Epstein and E. B. Epstein, The relationship between brain weight and head circumference from birth to age 18 years, Am J Phys Anthropol, vol.48, pp.471-473, 1978.
DOI : 10.1002/ajpa.1330480405

B. Fischl and A. M. Dale, Measuring the thickness of the human cerebral cortex from magnetic resonance images, Proc Natl Acad Sci, vol.97, pp.11050-11055, 2000.

N. G. Forger, Control of cell number in the sexually dimorphic brain and spinal cord, J Neuroendocrinol, vol.21, pp.393-399, 2009.

D. Ge, K. Zhang, A. C. Need, O. Martin, J. Fellay et al., WGAViewer: software for genomic annotation of whole genome association studies, Genome Res, vol.18, pp.640-643, 2008.
DOI : 10.1101/gr.071571.107

URL : http://genome.cshlp.org/content/18/4/640.full.pdf

J. N. Giedd, J. E. Schmitt, and M. C. Neale, Structural brain magnetic resonance imaging of pediatric twins, Hum Brain Mapp, vol.28, pp.474-481, 2007.
DOI : 10.1002/hbm.20403

J. Gillis, M. Mistry, and P. Pavlidis, Gene function analysis in complex data sets using ErmineJ, Nat Protoc, vol.5, pp.1148-1159, 2010.
DOI : 10.1038/nprot.2010.78

J. Gillis and P. Pavlidis, The role of indirect connections in gene networks in predicting function, Bioinformatics, vol.27, pp.1860-1966, 2011.

M. Grompe, M. St-louis, S. I. Demers, M. Dhalimy, B. Leclerc et al., A single mutation of the fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase gene in French Canadians with hereditary tyrosinemia type I, N Engl J Med, vol.331, pp.353-357, 1994.

I. Guerrini, A. D. Thomson, and H. D. Gurling, The importance of alcohol misuse, malnutrition and genetic susceptibility on brain growth and plasticity, Neurosci Biobehav Rev, vol.31, pp.212-220, 2007.

M. B. Johnson, Y. I. Kawasawa, C. E. Mason, Z. Krsnik, G. Coppola et al., Functional and evolutionary insights into human brain development through global transcriptome analysis, Neuron, vol.62, pp.494-509, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neuron.2009.03.027

URL : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2009.03.027

R. C. Knickmeyer, S. Gouttard, C. Kang, D. Evans, K. Wilber et al., A structural MRI study of human brain development from birth to 2 years, J Neurosci, vol.28, pp.12176-12182, 2008.

C. Y. Kuan, K. A. Roth, R. A. Flavell, and P. Rakic, Mechanisms of programmed cell death in the developing brain, Trends Neurosci, vol.23, pp.291-297, 2000.

D. S. Lambers and K. E. Clark, The maternal and fetal physiologic effects of nicotine, Semin Perinatol, vol.20, pp.115-126, 1996.

E. S. Lander and P. Green, Construction of multilocus genetic linkage maps in humans, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, vol.84, pp.2363-2367, 1987.

Y. Li, C. J. Willer, J. Ding, P. Scheet, and G. R. Abecasis, MaCH: using sequence and genotype data to estimate haplotypes and unobserved genotypes, Genet Epidemiol, vol.34, pp.816-834, 2010.

R. Liu, A. Zhou, D. Ren, A. He, X. Hu et al., Transcription factor specificity protein 1 (SP1) and activating protein 2alpha (AP-2alpha) regulate expression of human KCTD10 gene by binding to proximal region of promoter, FEBS J, vol.276, pp.1114-1124, 2009.

D. L. Minor, Y. F. Lin, B. C. Mobley, A. Avelar, Y. N. Jan et al., The polar T1 interface is linked to conformational changes that open the voltage-gated potassium channel, Cell, vol.102, pp.657-670, 2000.

G. H. Mochida, Genetics and biology of microcephaly and lissencephaly, Semin Pediatr Neurol, vol.16, pp.120-126, 2009.

T. V. Nguyen, A. Jayaraman, A. Quaglino, and C. J. Pike, Androgens selectively protect against apoptosis in hippocampal neurones, J Neuroendocrinol, vol.22, pp.1013-1022, 2010.

J. M. Opitz and M. C. Holt, Microcephaly: general considerations and aids to nosology, J Craniofac Genet Dev Biol, vol.10, pp.175-204, 1990.

T. Paus, Sex differences in the human brain: a developmental perspective, Prog Brain Res, vol.186, pp.13-28, 2010.

T. Paus, Population Neuroscience: why and how, Hum Brain Mapp, vol.31, pp.891-903, 2010.
DOI : 10.1002/hbm.21069

URL : https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/hbm.21069

T. Paus, I. Nawazkhan, G. Leonard, M. Perron, G. B. Pike et al., Corpus callosum in adolescent offspring exposed prenatally to maternal cigarette smoking, Neuroimage, vol.40, pp.435-441, 2008.

Z. Pausova, T. Paus, M. Abrahamowicz, J. Almerigi, N. Arbour et al., Genes, maternal smoking, and the offspring brain and body during adolescence: design of the Saguenay Youth Study, Hum Brain Mapp, vol.28, pp.502-518, 2007.

L. Peltonen, A. Palotie, and K. Lange, Use of population isolates for mapping complex traits, Nat Rev Genet, vol.1, issue.3, pp.182-190, 2000.

A. L. Price, N. J. Patterson, R. M. Plenge, M. E. Weinblatt, N. A. Shadick et al., Principal components analysis corrects for stratification in genome-wide association studies, Nat Genet, vol.38, pp.904-909, 2006.

P. Rakic, A small step for the cell, a giant leap for mankind: a hypothesis of neocortical expansion during evolution, Trends Neurosci, vol.18, pp.383-388, 1995.

S. Rakic and N. Zecevic, Programmed cell death in the developing human telencephalon, Eur J Neurosci, vol.12, pp.2721-2734, 2000.

T. S. Roy, J. E. Andrews, F. J. Seidler, and T. A. Slotkin, Nicotine evokes cell death in embryonic rat brain during neurulation, J Pharmacol Exp Ther, vol.287, pp.1136-1144, 1998.

M. S. Sansom, Ion channels: a first view of K+ channels in atomic glory, Curr Biol, vol.8, pp.450-452, 1998.

P. Sarkar, K. Bergman, N. M. Fisk, O. Connor, T. G. Glover et al., Amniotic fluid testosterone: relationship with cortisol and gestational age, Clin Endocrinol (Oxford), vol.67, pp.743-747, 2007.

S. Seshadri, A. L. Destefano, R. Au, J. M. Massaro, A. S. Beiser et al., Genetic correlates of brain aging on MRI and cognitive test measures: a genome-wide association and linkage analysis in the Framingham Study, BMC Med Genet, vol.19, issue.1, p.15, 2007.

N. Simakajornboon, T. Kuptanon, and P. Jirapongsuwan, The effect of prenatal nicotine exposure on PDGFR-mediated anti-apoptotic mechanism in the caudal brainstem of developing rat, Neurosci Lett, vol.478, pp.46-50, 2010.

T. A. Slotkin, Fetal nicotine or cocaine exposure: which one is worse?, J Pharmacol Exp Ther, vol.85, pp.931-945, 1998.

B. Sorbe and S. Dahlgren, Some important factors in the molding of the fetal head during vaginal delivery-a photographic study, Int J Gynaecol Obstet, vol.21, pp.205-212, 1983.

R. Toro, G. Leonard, J. V. Lerner, R. M. Lerner, M. Perron et al., Prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking and the adolescent cerebral cortex, Neuropsychopharmacology, vol.33, pp.1019-1027, 2008.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.npp.1301484

URL : https://www.nature.com/articles/1301484.pdf

Q. Yang, Y. D. Wang, and Y. , K+ regulates DNA binding of transcription factors to control gene expression related to neuronal apoptosis, Neuroreport, vol.17, pp.1199-1204, 2006.

B. A. Yi, D. L. Minor, Y. F. Lin, and Y. N. Jan, Controlling potassium channel activities: interplay between the membrane and intracellular factors, Proc Natl Acad Sci, vol.98, pp.11016-11023, 2001.

S. P. Yu, Regulation and critical role of potassium homeostasis in apoptosis, Prog Neurobiol, vol.70, pp.363-386, 2003.

, Smoking during Pregnancy and Brain Growth d Paus et al