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Mycobacterium tuberculosis Recall Antigens Suppress HIV-1 Replication in Anergic Donor Cells via CD8+ T Cell Expansion and Increased IL-10 Levels

Abstract : Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTb) is the leading cause of death in the setting of AIDS. MTb enhances the pathogenicity and accelerates the course of HIV disease and, furthermore, infection with HIV-1 increases the risk of reactivation or reinfection with MTb. In this study, we show that host-specific recall responses to one pathogen, MTb, has a direct effect upon the regulation of a second pathogen, HIV-1. Using cells from immunocompetent former tuberculosis (TB) patients who displayed either a persistently positive (responsive) or negative (anergic), delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) reaction to intradermal injection of purified protein derivative (PPD), we investigated the effect of recall Ags to MTb upon the replication of HIV-1 primary isolates in vitro. We show that HIV-1 replication of a T cell-tropic isolate was significantly impaired in MTb-stimulated PBMC from PPD-anergic donors. Furthermore, these donors displayed a significant increase in CD8 T cells and IL-10 levels and lower levels of IL-2 and TNF-relative to PPD-responsive donors in response to PPD stimulation. Strikingly, CD8 T cell depletion and blocking of IL-10 significantly increased HIV-1 replication in these PPD-anergic donors, indicating that an immunosuppressive response to MTb recall Ags inhibits HIV-1 replication in PPD-anergic individuals. Therefore, immunotherapeutic approaches aimed at recapitulating Ag-specific MTb anergy in vivo could result in novel and effective approaches to inhibit HIV-1 disease progression in MTb/HIV-1 coinfection.
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Shahin Ranjbar, Nary Ly, Sok Thim, Jean-Marc Reynes, Anne Goldfeld. Mycobacterium tuberculosis Recall Antigens Suppress HIV-1 Replication in Anergic Donor Cells via CD8+ T Cell Expansion and Increased IL-10 Levels. Journal of Immunology, Publisher : Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1950-. Latest Publisher : Bethesda, MD : American Association of Immunologists, 2004, 172 (3), pp.1953 - 1959. ⟨10.4049/jimmunol.172.3.1953⟩. ⟨pasteur-01836686⟩

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