J. Clement, P. Heyman, P. Mckenna, and P. Colson, Avsic-Zupanc T. The hantaviruses of Europe: from the bedside to the bench

, Emerg Infect Dis, vol.3, pp.205-216, 1997.

H. Kariwa, K. Yoshimatsu, and J. Arikawa, Hantavirus infection in East Asia, Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, vol.30, issue.5-6, pp.341-56, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cimid.2007.05.011

B. Knust and P. Rollin, Twenty-Year Summary of Surveillance for Human Hantavirus Infections, United States, Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol.19, issue.12, pp.1934-1941, 2013.
DOI : 10.3201/eid1912.131217

L. Jameson, S. Taori, B. Atkinson, P. Levick, C. Featherstone et al., Pet rats as a source of hantavirus in England and Wales, Euro Surveill, vol.18, p.20415, 2013.

G. Macé, C. Feyeux, N. Mollard, C. Chantegret, S. Audia et al., Severe Seoul hantavirus infection in a pregnant woman, Euro Surveill, vol.18, p.20464, 2012.

A. Bour, J. Reynes, X. Plaisancie, and J. Dufour, Fi??vre h??morragique ?? syndrome r??nal associ??e ?? l???hantavirus S??oul en France??: une observation, La Revue de M??decine Interne, vol.37, issue.7, pp.493-499, 2016.
DOI : 10.1016/j.revmed.2015.10.343

B. Klempa, E. Fichet-calvet, E. Lecompte, B. Auste, V. Aniskin et al., Hantavirus in African Wood Mouse, Guinea, Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol.12, issue.5, pp.838-878, 2006.
DOI : 10.3201/eid1205.051487

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00174611

K. Tamura, D. Peterson, N. Peterson, G. Stecher, M. Nei et al., MEGA5: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Using Maximum Likelihood, Evolutionary Distance, and Maximum Parsimony Methods, Molecular Biology and Evolution, vol.141, issue.3, pp.2731-2740, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00160154

URL : https://academic.oup.com/mbe/article-pdf/28/10/2731/2954190/msr121.pdf

, SEOV) strains isolated from 3 patients and rodents in contact with the patients infected with SEOV, and representative strains of SEOV and other hantavirus species. Triangles indicate sequences of strains detected in wild brown rats (this study) associated with a serologically confirmed human infection reported by); squares indicate sequences of strains detected in case-patient 2 and in his pet brown rat; and circles indicate sequences of strains detected in case-patient 3 and 1 of his farmed brown rats, Figure 2. Phylogenetic tree based on the complete small RNA nucleotide coding sequences of Seoul virus Bootstrap percentages >70% (from 500 resamplings) are indicated at each node; GenBank accession numbers are indicated for reference strains.Scale bar indicates nucleotide substitutions per site, 2014.

, Centre National de Reference Hantavirus, p.2015

J. Ragnaud, H. Lamouliatte, M. Paix, H. Fleury, J. Roy et al., Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome: a case with jaundice [in French], Gastroenterol Clin Biol, vol.10, p.686, 1986.

L. Guenno and B. Hantaviruses, Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses, pp.703-713, 1997.

P. Heyman, A. Plyusnina, P. Berny, C. Cochez, M. Artois et al., Seoul hantavirus in Europe: first demonstration of the virus genome in wild Rattus norvegicus captured in France, European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, vol.23, issue.9, pp.711-718, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/s10096-004-1196-3

T. Dupinay, K. Pounder, F. Ayral, M. Laaberki, D. Marston et al., Detection and genetic characterization of Seoul Virus from commensal brown rats in France, Virology Journal, vol.11, issue.1, pp.321743-422, 2014.
DOI : 10.1186/1471-2164-14-444

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00956363

N. Lagerqvist, Å. Hagström, M. Lundahl, E. Nilsson, M. Juremalm et al., Molecular Diagnosis of Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome Caused by Puumala Virus, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.54, issue.5, pp.1335-900113, 2016.
DOI : 10.1128/JCM.00113-16

M. Convenor, M. Berard, M. Feinstein, R. Gallagher, A. Illgen-wilcke et al., FELASA working group on revision of guidelines for health monitoring of rodents and rabbits. FELASA recommendations for the health monitoring of mouse, rat, hamster, guinea pig and rabbit colonies in breeding and experimental units, Lab Anim, vol.48, pp.178-92, 2014.

, Address for correspondence: Jean-Marc Reynes

H. Référence, Institut Pasteur

A. T. Infectiologie and . Garnier, reynes@pasteur.fr ? Biologic Evidence Required for Zika Disease Enhancements by Dengue Antibodies Neurologic Complications of Influenza B Virus Infection in Adults, Romania ? Implementation and Initial Analysis of a Laboratory-Based Weekly Biosurveillance System, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France ? Transmission of Hepatitis A Virus through Combined Liver?Small Intestine?Pancreas Transplantation ? Influence of Referral Pathway on Ebola Virus Disease Case-Fatality Rate and Effect of Survival Selection Bias ? Plasmodium malariae Prevalence and csp Gene Diversity ? Presence and Persistence of Zika Virus RNA in Semen, United Kingdom, 2016 ? Three Divergent Subpopulations of the Malaria Parasite Plasmodium knowlesi ? Variation in Aedes aegypti Mosquito Competence for Zika Virus Transmission ? Outbreaks among Wild Birds and Domestic Poultry Caused, by Reassorted Influenza A(H5N8) Clade Viruses ? Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Virus in Wild Migratory Birds, Qinghai Lake, China ? Design Strategies for Efficient Arbovirus Surveillance ? Typhus Group Rickettsiosis, Texas ? Detection and Molecular Characterization of Zoonotic Poxviruses Circulating in the Amazon Region of Colombia, pp.365-2003, 2014.

, ? Reassortment of Influenza A Viruses in Wild Birds in Alaska before H5 Clade Outbreaks Incidence and Characteristics of Scarlet Fever ? Markers of Disease Severity in Patients with Spanish Influenza in the Japanese Armed Forces, 1919.

, ? Molecular Identification of Spirometra erinaceieuropaei in Cases of Human Sparganosis, Hong Kong ? Zika Virus Seroprevalence, French Polynesia, 2014?2015 * Persistent Arthralgia Associated with Chikungunya Virus Outbreak, US Virgin Islands, 2014.

, Case Definitions for Zika Virus Disease ? Detection of Zika Virus in Desiccated Mosquitoes by Real-Time Reverse Transcription PCR and Plaque Assay ? Surveillance and Testing for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus, Saudi Arabia, 2015.

, ? Severe Thrombocytopenia After Zika Virus Infection, Guadeloupe, 2016 ? Significant Decrease in Pertactin- Deficient Bordetella pertussis Isolates, Japan https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/articles/issue, ? Antiviral Drug-Resistant Influenza B Viruses Carrying H134N Substitution in Neuraminidase, Laos ? Characterization of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus A(H5N6), Japan Emerging Viruses Emerging Infectious Diseases ? www.cdc.gov/eid ?, 2016.