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Mosquito Rasputin interacts with chikungunya virus nsP3 and determines the infection rate in Aedes albopictus

Abstract : Background: Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthritogenic alphavirus (family Togaviridae), transmitted by Aedes species mosquitoes. CHIKV re-emerged in 2004 with multiple outbreaks worldwide and recently reached the Americas where it has infected over a million individuals in a rapidly expanding epidemic. While alphavirus replication is well understood in general, the specific function (s) of non-structural protein nsP3 remain elusive. CHIKV nsP3 modulates the mammalian stress response by preventing stress granule formation through sequestration of G3BP. In mosquitoes, nsP3 is a determinant of vector specificity, but its functional interaction with mosquito proteins is unclear. Methods: In this research we studied the domains required for localization of CHIKV nsP3 in insect cells and demonstrated its molecular interaction with Rasputin (Rin), the mosquito homologue of G3BP. The biological involvement of Rin in CHIKV infection was investigated in live Ae. albopictus mosquitoes.
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Jelke Fros, Corinne Geertsema, Karima Zouache, Jim Baggen, Natalia Domeradzka, et al.. Mosquito Rasputin interacts with chikungunya virus nsP3 and determines the infection rate in Aedes albopictus. Parasites and Vectors, BioMed Central, 2015, 8 (1), pp.464. ⟨10.1186/s13071-015-1070-4⟩. ⟨pasteur-01678901⟩

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