Small RNA fragments derived from multiple RNA classes - the missing element of multi-omics characteristics of the hepatitis C virus cell culture model

Abstract : Background: A pool of small RNA fragments (RFs) derived from diverse cellular RNAs has recently emerged as a rich source of functionally relevant molecules. Although their formation and accumulation has been connected to various stress conditions, the knowledge on RFs produced upon viral infections is very limited. Here, we applied the next generation sequencing (NGS) to characterize RFs generated in the hepatitis C virus (HCV) cell culture model (HCV-permissive Huh-7.5 cell line). Results: We found that both infected and non-infected cells contained a wide spectrum of RFs derived from virtually all RNA classes. A significant fraction of identified RFs accumulated to similar levels as miRNAs. Our analysis, focused on RFs originating from constitutively expressed non-coding RNAs, revealed three major patterns of parental RNA cleavage. We found that HCV infection induced significant changes in the accumulation of low copy number RFs, while subtly altered the levels of high copy number ones. Finally, the candidate RFs potentially relevant for host-virus interactions were identified. Conclusions: Our results indicate that RFs should be considered an important component of the Huh-7.5 transcriptome and suggest that the main factors influencing the RF biogenesis are the RNA structure and RNA protection by interacting proteins. The data presented here significantly complement the existing transcriptomic, miRnomic, proteomic and metabolomic characteristics of the HCV cell culture model.
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BMC Genomics, BioMed Central, 2017, 18 (1), pp.502. 〈10.1186/s12864-017-3891-3〉
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Paulina Jackowiak, Anna Hojka-Osinska, Anna Philips, Agnieszka Zmienko, Lucyna Budzko, et al.. Small RNA fragments derived from multiple RNA classes - the missing element of multi-omics characteristics of the hepatitis C virus cell culture model. BMC Genomics, BioMed Central, 2017, 18 (1), pp.502. 〈10.1186/s12864-017-3891-3〉. 〈pasteur-01570228〉

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